Environmentalists have named a new species endangered animals from Africa

© Photo : T. Collins/WCSДельфин the hunchback, tangled in a network and thrown on the coast of CameroonEnvironmentalists have named a new species endangered animals from Africa© Photo : T. Collins/WCS

Cameroonian dolphins hunchbacks were the most vulnerable and rare animals in Africa, which may disappear from the face of the Earth because of the contact with a network of fishermen in the coming years, the press service of the wildlife conservation Society (WCS).

«Our latest observations show that the total population of Cameroon dolphins is now less than 1.5 thousand Mature individuals, scattered in very small and isolated populations,» said Tim Collins (Tim Collins), ecologist of the International Union for conservation of nature (IUCN).

Dolphins-the hunchbacks (Sousa spp.) in the past, was prevalent on the Western coast of Africa, in Southeast Asia, India and Australia, and their number was tens of thousands of individuals. In recent years their numbers began to decline sharply as a result of illegal hunting of marine mammals and their accidental loss in the networks of legal and illegal fishermen.

Collins and his colleagues spent the next census is among the most vulnerable subspecies of these animals, the Cameroonian dolphins Humpbacks (Sousa teuszii), whose habitat previously covered all the West coast of Africa.

As shown by these observations, ecologists have underestimated the speed of reduction of their population — their current population is between one and a half thousand species, and the habitat was fragmented into many isolated and distant from other parts of the Atlantic.

This discovery, as noted by Collins, has already forced IUCN to take these dolphins to the list of endangered species that are in critical condition. This has made them one of the most rare and vulnerable animals of Africa, along with black rhinos, lowland gorillas and African wild dogs.

Current forecasts of environmentalists, the number of these dolphins will continue to decline rapidly, as no country on the Atlantic coast of Africa has not taken serious measures to protect these marine mammals from falling into a network of poachers or legal fishermen. As scientists hope, the uptake of Sousa teuszii in the Red book will convince African governments to get serious about this problem.

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