Trained hive: the bees have mastered the logic and geometry

© Public domain Bee pollenTrained hive: the bees have mastered the logic and geometry© Public domain

Scientists test the intelligence of Pets — dogs and cats, tossing them with various puzzles and watching the animals try to solve them. However, an extraordinary mind and can boast of some insects, such as honeybees.

Fifteen shades of grey

Austrian ethologist Karl Ritter von Frisch half a century studied the behavior of bees. Using ingenious experiments, researcher have proved that they possess the characteristics of intelligence. The scientist smashed the box on 16 cells: 15 black-and-white and one color. On a coloured square, whose location was changed, he put the watch glass with solution of sugar, the rest of the container with clean water. Insects quickly remember where they are waiting for the treat, and immediately flew on the colored square. Because bees don’t smell, they can’t navigate by scent baits — so they can distinguish colours. In 1973 for the study of the life of bees Frisch was awarded the Nobel prize.

Similar experience with scientists of the biological faculty held, moving the bait with a pinkish «airfield» on the orange and back. Bee realized that the location of the natural food alternates, and confidently went to sit on one, then on another circle. But the instincts ordered her to go back to where she last found a lot of food.

Critics of the hypothesis of intelligent bees believe that taken as signs of intelligence behavior — a response that fixed the peculiarities of their life, even beyond unconditional reflex activity. Soviet entomologist George Mazokhin-Porshnyakov first suggested the bees to solve abstract problems. He took a square and an equilateral triangle and trained the insect to sit on the first figure. Then pulled the square and triangle strongly tapered. Poor bee was forced to re-learn the fact that the rectangle was waiting for her Goodies, and the triangle — saline solution. Then the shape of the figures changed again, leaving still a number of angles. And the insect started to take on a modified «square» a bit more often. After the fourth change of the figures of the experimental bee so confidently sat on the quadrangles, as if she could read.

© Illustration RIA Novosti . Alina’s Polarisable distinguish quadrilaterals from triangles, focusing on the number of cornersTrained hive: the bees have mastered the logic and geometry© Illustration RIA Novosti . Alina’s Polarisable distinguish quadrilaterals from triangles, focusing on the number of corners

Conducted experience — not only in multi-stage experiments, conducted under the leadership of Vladimir Kartsev, bees learned to calculate the number of spots on the card (though not more than three), featuring two-tone shapes from the plain, regardless of the specific shapes and colors, solve many other abstract tasks.

And the ability to do such complex insights — a sign of real cognitive work, in which are digested than specific incentives, and abstract knowledge. Turns out, bees are not only able to the training, which develops and strengthens conditioned reflexes, but also to build logical chains.

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