NASA recognized the 2017 second warmest in the history

© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Mackinderite in photobacteria vacation in SochiNASA recognized the 2017 second warmest in the history© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Mackinderite the image Bank

Last year I could not beat the record of 2016 at record high temperatures, but was included in three of the hottest in the entire history of observations, said the space research Institute of the name Goddard.

«Continuing an already established trend, temperature on the Ground last year was about 0.9 degrees Celsius higher than average in the second half of the last century. This indicator is second only to 2016, when the temperatures were above normal by one degree Celsius», — the report says NASA.

From autumn 2015, the average temperature on Earth has set new records on a monthly basis, exceeding the rate of one degree and a half. Particularly high temperatures were in the first five months of 2016 in August and then in the Arctic and some regions of Russia they were above normal by 5-9 degrees. In the middle of summer last year, this trend began to decline, and scientists expect that it may be terminated in the fall of 2016 or early 2017.

However, the temperatures continued to remain the highest until may 2017, when they were replaced by frost and the cold snap, which lasted nearly all summer. Summer colds in some sense been compensated by the fact that in late autumn and early winter in Russia, Canada and Western Europe, there was once again a record high temperature of 4-6 degrees above normal.

This, according to Gavin Schmidt, Director of the Institute for space studies, NASA, did not prevent last year to become the second most hottest in the history of climate observations that are conducted for more than 135 years.

According to Schmidt, is the achievement of no less importance than the record in 2016, as this time these temperatures were achieved without the help of the climatic phenomenon El niño, whose activity has warmed the waters of the Pacific two years ago.

Another distinctive feature of last year was that the warming was equally affected virtually the entire Earth that speaks about the universal nature of climate change and that the oceans are now heated to the highest temperatures in the last several thousand years.

To similar conclusions came and three other climate-related organizations – Administration oceanic and atmospheric administration, world meteorological organization and the British meteorological organization. Their observations showed that 2017 is in the top three warmest, behind only 2015 and 2016.