To drink moderately or not drink at all? Scientists have disagreed

© Depositphotos / samotrebizanДевушка with a glass of red wineTo drink moderately or not drink at all? Scientists have disagreed© Depositphotos / samotrebizan

Scientists still can’t decide about the influence of small doses of alcohol on human health. Not surprising, because the parameters very much: the digestive and circulatory systems, a condition of the brain, the consequences for society… and the composition of alcoholic drinks is very diverse, therefore it is not always clear what you need to explore.

In Antiquity and the middle Ages the wine was one of the main drinks, because the citizens rarely had the opportunity to drink clean water and rivers and lakes, walked different infection, with fever and typhoid fever were not the worst. Before the knights question about the dangers of alcohol were not — they just wanted to survive in unsanitary conditions. Devoid of vineyards in the North of Europe prefer beer, which, as you know, also has a bit of alcohol.

Today, for the greater part of humanity access to clean water and drinks on its basis is not a problem. But with alcohol, people do not refuse.

Alcohol is a poison

In the human body alcohol, and this is the main component of any alcoholic beverage, disintegrates with emission of toxic substances. Therefore, in large quantities it is harmful, it can not be questioned. Scientists say that those who abused alcohol, some parts of the brain die. Changes in the cytoplasm and nuclei of nerve cells similar to those that occur in cases of poisoning strong poisons. The brain shrinks, shrinks. Blood cells — stick, and, as a consequence, the small vessels are clogged, that causes them to rupture or at least oxygen starvation. Brain damage from alcohol poisoning is irreversible. If the person drank a lot for several years, and then left, to the previous state of the brain has not come back.

Famous Soviet surgeon Fyodor Corners actively fought against the use of any dose of alcohol, blaming a negative effect on the body even kefir. He believed that the Soviet Union was able to quickly get stronger after the revolution of 1917 because of the dry law in force prior to 1923. In his lectures Angles repeatedly emphasizes that there are no moderate drinkers. According to the doctor, even a tiny dose of alcohol is a «graveyard of nerve cells».

Moderately useful?
«Yes, small doses, of course, useful. They reduce overall mortality, the risk of cardiovascular disease and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, osteoporosis, diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases. The mechanisms of action of alcohol on the body very much. For example, alcohol weakens the factors of inflammation and thrombosis, a positive effect on the cardiovascular system. Interestingly, moderate and regular alcohol consumption to myocardial infarction reduces the risk of death from it. But we must remember that excessive doses will only lead to degradation,» — says Alexey buyeverov, Professor, First Moscow state medical University named after I. M. Sechenov.

Now doctors believe that a moderate dose for an adult male — 30-40 grams of pure alcohol per day. For women, approximately two times less. That’s how much alcohol can be processed by the liver without significant consequences. But even a slight overdose has a toxic, damaging action on the cells of primarily the liver and then to all tissues of the body. And one of the worst properties of ethyl alcohol — the formation of dependence on him.

Especially a lot of researches is devoted to a dry wine. Part of the useful properties it owes to grape. In his bones there are different bioflavonoids such as resveratrol and quercetin, with antioxidant properties that is free radicals. However, as the source of these substances wine to consider is unlikely on the effectiveness of the assimilation of tea or onion far ahead.

«In science it is important that individual cases are not served as the basis for final conclusions about anything, including about the use of alcohol. Can happen a trivial coincidence that the positive effect associated with the use of one or other ethanol containing drink, and in fact people have recovered thanks to a completely different factor, component in food, plant, medication, genetic characteristics, finally. It is known that many people regularly consume small doses of alcohol to a ripe old age. But here everything is very individual. It happens only with one out of several thousand, so the rest of the regular use of alcohol can produce very different consequences for health,» emphasizes Zainudin.