«Stolen education», or as Saint Tatiana settled at MSU and say that the Gentiles

© RIA Novosti / Gennady Suscitation day in the far Eastern Federal University in Vladivostok«Stolen education», or as Saint Tatiana settled at MSU and say that the Gentiles© RIA Novosti / Gennady Shishkin

One day a girl named Tatiana did not want to worship the God of beauty, not wanting to abandon the Christian faith. She was tortured, but the torture marks had disappeared from the body, it was thrown to the lions, but they never touched her. As a Roman, who was executed by the Emperor Alexander Severus, he became a patron of the first Russian University and has this ever happened in other world religions — in the material RIA Novosti.

In 1837, Metropolitan Philaret (later canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church) consecrated the Church in honor of the Martyr Tatiana at Moscow University (the decree on its Foundation was signed by Empress Elizabeth in day of memory sacred in January, 1755), and Tatianina the Church immediately became the main temple of the Russian students. «Religion and science both want to be together and ennoble humanity,» said Moscow then Saint. Came here lived Gogol, kutusita in his legendary cloak, not identified students. Here the great writer and funeral after death.

Don’t tempt a Saint!

During the session number of members at University Church are always increasing. «If a couple of tickets you could not read, dozed, fell asleep, and as you can, then pray, Holy will definitely help that these tickets wouldn’t you take. But if the opposite is true, you’ve only got two tickets and you have the audacity to bother the teacher, at least 10 Pudovik candles put, nothing will happen», — says the former rector Tatarinkova of the temple, the first Deputy Chairman of the education Committee of the Russian Orthodox Church, Professor of the Moscow theological Academy Archpriest Maxim Kozlov.

Tatiana’s day as the Russian students ‘ day is officially celebrated in the country since 2005. But by the mid-nineteenth century from the feast of the students and professors of Moscow University’s St. Tatiana’s day actually turned into a celebration of the Russian intelligentsia. Noted his the whole city, and the legendary Olivier, after whom is named Christmas salad, part-owner of the restaurant «Hermitage», gave students an entire room. According to contemporaries, on this day, the gendarmes met the drunk student didn’t touch him, and offered their help.

«The formal reason, of course, was the Foundation of the University on January 25, the commemoration day of St. Tatiana, and the fact that the project of the University of count Shuvalov gave the childlike Empress the name day of his mother Tatiana. But the fact that Saint Tatiana became the patroness of students in the centuries and to this feast was so popular, couldn’t happen only because of a technicality,» — said Archimandrite Simeon (Tomachinsky), Vice-rector of the Kursk theological Seminary and many years a parishioner of the Moscow house of the University Church.

It is known that Saint Tatiana was diakonissa nes social Ministry in the Church. And this San involves and spiritual enlightenment. Perhaps this is why Orthodox Christians believe the Holy patron of education and Sciences.

As the French light stole

On the facade of the Church of St. Tatiana, facing the Kremlin, says, «the Light of Christ enlightens all.» This has been true since the moment of its construction. After the revolution the letters down, but now they can see again any passing by the Arena. What does this phrase have to do with education? The most direct, says Archimandrite Simeon.

«Our feast of the Epiphany, Epiphany is also a celebration of education in its true sense. Nikolai Gogol wrote that educate the person means not to teach it to external knowledge, but to highlight it in all the forces, mental, spiritual and moral, that he revealed in himself the image of Christ. It is a pity that the word was stolen by the French philosophers, entirely opposite sense, interpreted and, in fact, directed against the religion», — considers the rector of the Kursk Seminary.

Science, according to father Simeon, and the service of God requires self-sacrifice, self-restraint and removal from all «earthly concerns». It is no coincidence that emphasizes the Archimandrite, in medieval Europe, University teachers refused marriage for the service of science.

New martyrs University

«This year our survey added one more important reason explaining why the Martyr became the patron of the University. We have compiled a list of the 20 martyrs of the twentieth century, canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church — teachers and former students. In addition, we know of one hundred universiteta, or otherwise, suffered during the persecution for faith and truth, executed, deported to camps, prisons, sent into exile and banished from the country,» — writes in Facebook Tatarinkova the Abbot of the temple Archpriest Vladimir Vigilyansky.

In Tatyana’s day worship service at the famous Church headed by the Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia Kirill. «Probably, the Saint began its journey to Christ from curiosity, from the desire to understand what is this faith different from the faith of others, but led her to the great feat and heroism,» once remarked the Primate of the Russian Church. And in four hours of the day in the library of the main University of the country, as instituted in recent years, everyone poured Mead.

What about the Muslims?

But Muslims have nothing like that, although in Bulgaria in 1080 Yakub Ibn Nugman, a half century after the adoption of Islam, created the «House of knowledge» or, in modern language, University. He didn’t just become a training centre of the most Northern Muslim States, but also gained international recognition. Now in the ancient capital of the Tatars opened Islamic Academy.

«We have no Saint who would be «in charge» of such a question. But the place of knowledge in Islam is enormous. For example, if you take one hadith of the Quran, we read that the search for knowledge is obligatory for every Muslim man and woman, and, based on it, we can conclude that education is of great importance,» — said the rector of Moscow Islamic University Rais Izmailov.

And, of course, according to the mufti of the Spiritual Assembly of Russian Muslims Albir Krganov, a believer always otherwise relates to life, whether it’s school, work or family. «He feels responsibility before God. And when today we see a huge trend of globalization, to the erosion of taboos, to the promotion of permissiveness, once convinced of the need to strive for righteousness, have a different motivation for life», — stressed the representative of the Muslim community.

Simchat Torah and knowledge of the Talmud «on the needle»

Not just an honorary thing, but the execution of God’s commandments and sacred duty — such is the education in the Jewish tradition. «The Law stipulates that if a community has no money for teachers, who taught to all the children, the community must sell a synagogue and hire a teacher; because the artifacts have no meaning if man does not possess the knowledge», — said the head of public relations Department of the Federation of Jewish communities of Russia Borukh Gorin.

The most joyous Jewish holiday is Simchat Torah or «rejoicing of the Torah» is a celebration of the annual completion of the study of the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Hebrew and Christian Bible). «This is the most joyous day of the Jewish calendar, the most fun, when dancing with the Torah scrolls as a source of knowledge, and this gives pleasure not only mental and bodily,» continues Gorin.

Over the centuries, learning has become a daily obligation of every Jew. Until the last day, until death one must learn and get an education. As they say in the Jewish community, widely known, the study of the Talmud «on the needle» — when the book stuck a needle, and the disciple without hesitation listed words, through which she passed.

«In the Middle ages in the yeshiva (an institution of higher learning. — Approx. ed.) studied 12 people, and now from 150 to thousands. Of course, not all know the Torah «on a needle», but enough of one percent such that they became more than ever» — says Gorin. According to him, in the Internet era where it is more valued analytical skills, rather than visual text knowledge, and the ability to understand comments to the texts prevails over the need for «memorization» of the source.