The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»

© Photo : page GK «Rosatom» Twitter/Alexander Measuringstick manned spacecraft Soyuz MS-07. Archive photoThe expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© Photo : page GK «Rosatom» Twitter/Alexander Misurkin

After the operation of the International space station (ISS) to 2024, it will become clear which countries will remain powers «manned space flight» and what of this «club» will be released, said RIA Novosti member of the Russian Academy of cosmonautics Andrei Ionin.

Previously, the site The Verge reported that the administration of Donald trump offers to stop funding ISS in 2025. At the same time, today is the closing date of the plant operation is considered to be 2024.

«The last 20 years the ISS was essentially synonymous with manned space flight. All the world’s manned space program, with the exception of maybe the Chinese stations, it was the ISS. For manned space flight, humanity is a milestone, everyone should decide what’s next. Those who will not decide manned space flight is likely to leave,» said Jonas.

«The end date for the ISS project, which was originally 2015, has been postponed several times. In principle, it is already clear that 2024 is a certain critical point, and then will not transfer, although talk that it could be 2028, conducted», — the expert added.

According to him, the seven years of the station remains a work — enough time to all parties involved could decide on further projects.

Jonas believes that over the past 60 years humanity «is more or less somehow mastered the middle space in the framework of various national programs, sometimes, especially in the first stage, rigidly competing». Deep space exploration seems to be the expert is possible only if it will lead «humanity» and not a separate state.

«For individual Nations the road to deep space will be closed, it will be possible only if all will unite and act together,» said Jonas.

Earlier it was reported that after stopping the operation of the ISS, Russia will be able to participate in the project of the American lunar station, Deep Space Gateway (DSG). For Astronautical Congress 2017 in Australia, Roskosmos, announced that it has agreed with NASA on the share of Russian participation.

Russia can create new stations from one to three modules in the first stage, it can be airlock and residential modules. Russian engineers will need to develop for the station standard docking mechanism for all vehicles that will deliver people or cargo to the station, and the standard for life support systems.

At the same time Russia may create orbital station on the basis of three modules which should be part of the ISS until the end of 2019. This multi-purpose laboratory module (MLM) Nauka, the node module Prichal and Scientific and energy module (NEM). In addition, part of the Russian orbital station (ROS) can add a lock and transformable modules. The weight station must be of the order of 60 tons.Blue, bloody and mysterious. Unique pictures of the moon© NASA / LOIRPРовно 50 years ago, the American artificial lunar satellite «lunar Orbiter-1» managed to take photos of the lunar surface and send back 229 frames of high and medium resolution. Other devices were able to get some more pictures of the places where it is possible to land ships, as well as to photograph the polar regions of the planet.The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© NASA / LOIRPРовно 50 years ago, the American artificial lunar satellite «lunar Orbiter-1» managed to take photos of the lunar surface and send back 229 frames of high and medium resolution. Other devices were able to get some more pictures of the places where it is possible to land ships, as well as to photograph the earth’s polar areas.© The Lunar and Planetary InstituteПрограмма «lunar Orbiter» was a series of five automated orbiters, which were launched by the U.S. in the years 1966-1967, with the purpose of mapping the lunar surface. All five flights were successful, 99% of the moon was taken with a resolution of 60 m and better.

On the photo: the surface of the moon taken by the spacecraft «lunar Orbiter-5».The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© The Lunar and Planetary InstituteПрограмма «lunar Orbiter» was a series of five automated orbiters, which were launched by the U.S. in the years 1966-1967, with the purpose of mapping the lunar surface. All five flights were successful, 99% of the moon was taken with a resolution of 60 m and better.

On the photo: the surface of the moon taken by the spacecraft «lunar Orbiter-5».© NASAВо time of the expedition «Apollo-15» American scientists were first used electric LRV. A unique device, developed by Boeing in the late 60-ies, was a four-wheel double conveyer, equipped with the traction motors and two batteries. The use of the vehicle significantly expanded the area of the lunar surface available to astronauts. The car could reach the speed of 13 km/h Total length of the path traversed lunar car in the 15th, 16th, 17th expeditions «Apollo», was 28, 27 and 36 km, respectively.

In pictures: American astronaut Eugene Cernan on the lunar Rover during the expedition «Apollo 17».The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© NASAВо time of the expedition «Apollo-15» American scientists were first used electric LRV. A unique device, developed by Boeing in the late 60-ies, was a four-wheel double conveyer, equipped with the traction motors and two batteries. The use of the vehicle significantly expanded the area of the lunar surface available to astronauts. The car could reach the speed of 13 km/h Total length of the path traversed lunar car in the 15th, 16th, 17th expeditions «Apollo», was 28, 27 and 36 km, respectively.

In pictures: American astronaut Eugene Cernan on the lunar Rover during the expedition «Apollo 17».© NASA / Goddard/Arizona State UniversityКосмический NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter continues to study the moon from orbit. Recently, the Agency’s experts were published the Land obtained by the cameras of the LRO probe. As while shooting the Earth and Moon were moving, needed additional image processing algorithms to compensate for this effect.The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© NASA / Goddard/Arizona State UniversityКосмический NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter continues to study the moon from orbit. Recently, the Agency’s experts were published the Land obtained by the cameras of the LRO probe. As while shooting the Earth and Moon were moving, needed additional image processing algorithms to compensate for this effect.© NASAПоверхность of the moon is riddled with craters that have arisen as a result of falling of a huge number of meteorites. Attempts to explain the origin of craters began in the late 80-ies of the XVIII century. In addition to meteoritic hypothesis was also put forward volcanic, which was later refuted.The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© NASAПоверхность of the moon is riddled with craters that have arisen as a result of falling of a huge number of meteorites. Attempts to explain the origin of craters began in the late 80-ies of the XVIII century. In addition to meteoritic hypothesis was also put forward volcanic, which was later refuted.© RIA Novosti / Ilya Petliurite in photobanks every year the Moon is getting farther and farther from Earth. For 12 months the distance between them increases by 4 see the Removal of the satellite is the result of gravitational tidal interaction between it and the planet.The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© RIA Novosti / Ilya Petliurite in photobanks every year the Moon is getting farther and farther from Earth. For 12 months the distance between them increases by 4 see the Removal of the satellite is the result of gravitational tidal interaction between it and the planet.© NASA / Goddard/Lunar Reconnaissance OrbiterСпутник Earth was born 4.5 billion years ago. Compared to his current state he originally had a much larger size. The shape of the moon is actually not perfectly round, but egg-shaped because of the influence of Earth’s gravity. In addition, its center of mass is not in the center of the cosmic body, and about two kilometers from the city center.The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© NASA / Goddard/Lunar Reconnaissance OrbiterСпутник Earth was born 4.5 billion years ago. Compared to his current state he originally had a much larger size. The shape of the moon is actually not perfectly round, but egg-shaped because of the influence of Earth’s gravity. In addition, its center of mass is not in the center of the cosmic body, and about two kilometers from the city center.© NASA / SV this image, scientists combined several phases of the lunar Eclipse. This phenomenon represents the immersion of the moon in the conical shadow of the Earth. While our planet is on the same line between the center of the moon and centre the Sun. A lunar Eclipse happens with a strong reduction of the brightness of the disk of the satellite. To distinguish the penumbral, partial and total lunar eclipses. Watch them in any corner of the world where the Moon is above the horizon. The average duration of the Eclipse is several hours.The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© NASA / SV this image, scientists combined several phases of the lunar Eclipse. This phenomenon represents the immersion of the moon in the conical shadow of the Earth. While our planet is on the same line between the center of the moon and centre the Sun. A lunar Eclipse happens with a strong reduction of the brightness of the disk of the satellite. To distinguish the penumbral, partial and total lunar eclipses. Watch them in any corner of the world where the Moon is above the horizon. The average duration of the Eclipse is several hours.© NASA / SDOЕще one of rare natural phenomenon – a solar Eclipse. It occurs due to the fact that the Moon eclipses the Sun’s surface completely or partially. It can be seen only during a new moon, when rotated to the planet is the part of the moon is not fully illuminated, that is, it is not visible to the naked eye.The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© NASA / SDOЕще one of rare natural phenomenon – a solar Eclipse. It occurs due to the fact that the Moon eclipses the Sun’s surface completely or partially. It can be seen only during a new moon, when rotated to the planet is the part of the moon is not fully illuminated, that is, it is not visible to the naked eye.© NASA / Eugene Cernan20 July 1969, the Apollo program achieved its main goals – flight and landing a man on the moon. The first astronauts to set foot on the surface of the moon were Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin. Their stay on the moon lasted 2 hours and 31 minutes. Only the moon was made six moon landings, all six Americans.

In pictures: American astronaut Harrison Schmitt during the last landing on the moon as part of the expedition «Apollo 17».The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© NASA / Eugene Cernan20 July 1969, the Apollo program achieved its main goals – flight and landing a man on the moon. The first astronauts to set foot on the surface of the moon were Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin. Their stay on the moon lasted 2 hours and 31 minutes. Only the moon was made six moon landings, all six Americans.

In pictures: American astronaut Harrison Schmitt during the last landing on the moon as part of the expedition «Apollo 17».© Photo : Roscosmos/Fedor urchincgi the natural phenomenon of sunrises and sunsets, the moon missing, because there is no atmosphere. But there all day you can watch the starry sky, the Sun and the Earth.

Photo: a picture taken by Russian cosmonaut Fyodor by urainum.The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© Photo : Roscosmos/Fedor urchincgi the natural phenomenon of sunrises and sunsets, the moon missing, because there is no atmosphere. But there all day you can watch the starry sky, the Sun and the Earth.

Photo: a picture taken by Russian cosmonaut Fyodor by urainum.© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Sergeevicha in Photobacterium is an astronomical phenomenon when the full moon coincides with the moment of closest approach the moon and Earth and moon seem 14% bigger and 30% brighter than usual.The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Sergeevicha in Photobacterium is an astronomical phenomenon when the full moon coincides with the moment of closest approach the moon and Earth and moon seem 14% bigger and 30% brighter than usual.© NASAИз for lack of on the moon wind and moisture, traces of the astronauts who visited the moon for nearly 50 years remain unchanged.

Photo: a trace of American astronaut buzz Aldrin, left during the mission «Apollo 11» on the moon.The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© NASAИз for lack of on the moon wind and moisture, traces of the astronauts who visited the moon for nearly 50 years remain unchanged.

Photo: a trace of American astronaut buzz Aldrin, left during the mission «Apollo 11» on the moon.© RIA Novosti / Michael Voiceoperated in photobacteria is the only planet in the Solar system where it is possible to observe the total solar Eclipse, which occurs as a result of the fact that the Moon eclipses the Sun’s surface. At the same time in any point of the Earth, this phenomenon can be seen on average once every 360 years.The expert suggested, when it is determined power, «manned space flight»© RIA Novosti / Michael Voiceoperated in photobacteria is the only planet in the Solar system where it is possible to observe the total solar Eclipse, which occurs as a result of the fact that the Moon eclipses the Sun’s surface. At the same time in any point of the Earth, this phenomenon can be seen on average once every 360 years. /

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