The US is far ahead of other rich countries in child mortality

© AP Photo / Ted S. WarrenПодростки doing a selfie with a gun in Washington, DC, USAThe US is far ahead of other rich countries in child mortality© AP Photo / Ted S. Warren

In children in the US 70% more likely not to live up to 20 years, than children from other developed democratic countries. These are the results of a study published recently in the journal Health Affairs.

«In all rich, democratic countries, which we compared children die less frequently than it was 50 years ago. But in the US, however, they die more often, » says Thakrar Ashish (Ashish Thakrar), lead author of the work, the Intern in the Johns Hopkins Hospital and health system in Baltimore (USA).

Researchers analyzed infant mortality in 20 countries belonging to the Organization for economic cooperation and development (OECD). There are, for example, Australia, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, Italy — the countries similar to USA levels of economic development. For analysis we used publicly available data collected by the world health organization, children from birth to 19 years from 1961 to 2010.

The data showed a clear positive trend: the infant mortality rate has steadily declined over this period in all the countries under consideration. However, in the US, approximately since the 1980s, it was higher than in other countries. This is despite the fact that America spends more money on combating child mortality, per capita, than anyone else. This phenomenon was known before, but now its researched details on age groups of children.

Half of the civilians owning firearms, living in United States. That is the statistics. Unfortunately, as shown by this work, it inevitably leads to increase in child mortality from gunshot wounds. At the same time, in countries where the population is armed less, children are less likely to die from bullets.

Based on the data analysis, the authors found that in the U.S., the risk groups are children under one year and 15-19 years. The policy towards them should be special, aimed at reducing the causes of death in the perinatal period, from car accidents and firearms.

«Research has shown that our protection from child mortality far not what it could be, says Christopher Forrest (Christopher Forrest), one of the authors of the article, a pediatrician at the Children’s hospital in Philadelphia. — We hope that politicians will be able to use our data and develop strategies for all children in the United States, which would not have allowed us to sink even lower in other countries.»