The Russians are accustomed to the problems in the economy, social scientists have found

© RIA Novosti / Maxim to Aminopherase in fotoreceptor in the supermarket. Archive photoThe Russians are accustomed to the problems in the economy, social scientists have found© RIA Novosti / Maxim to Aminopherase the image Bank

The Russians have adapted to the problems in the economy, less anxious because of them and abandon such radical ways of overcoming economic problems, like savings on foods, said the research holding «ROMIR», which is available to RIA Novosti.

In December ROMIR conducted a nationwide poll in which Russians were asked questions about their perception of the current economic situation in the country and ways of overcoming difficulties. Similar studies were conducted at the beginning of 2015-2016, then the results of the surveys talked about the best country in the economic crisis.

«At the end of 2017, the perception by Russians of the economic situation in the country has considerably changed and for the better. As at the end of last year about their feelings that the country is in crisis, said 40% of respondents, whereas in early 2016, such responses were 71%,» — noted in the study.

At the same time doubled, to 46% from 23%, increased the proportion of Russians who believe that the country has some economic problems. The share of those who believes that the Russian economy is no problem, rose to 7% from 2%. Undecided 2% (in 2016 — 4%).

«That is, on the one hand, the total number of our compatriots who recognize the economic problems has dropped slightly from 94% in early 2016 to 86% by the end of 2017. However, the degree of anxiety about the state of the economy in the country dropped significantly. That is to say that, the feelings of the Russians, the national economy slowly begins to recover,» — says «ROMIR».

Manifestations of the crisis and ways to overcome them

In the survey, the Russians were also asked what is the crisis in the economy. The majority of Russians (80%) complained about the rising prices on most goods and services (last year — 79%). «More often than the average for the sample, the rise in prices of goods and services complained respondents older than 60 years, the Russians with low income, residents of big cities», says holding.

However, second in popularity in the past years, the manifestation of the crisis was the weakening of the ruble — this time chose only 30% of respondents (52% in the previous survey). «We can assume that Russians have become accustomed to with the new exchange rate. More often about the fall of the ruble against the currencies continue to speak only vysokoporodnyh and the inhabitants of megacities», the study says.

Moreover, continues «ROMIR», the country is gradually losing the seriousness of the problem in the labor market: if in 2016 by staff reductions and increased unemployment has complained about 34% of Russians, and to reduce salaries 35% in 2017, these answers were chosen 23% and 21% respectively. At the same time, to 24% from 21% the share of Russians celebrating the tense international situation.

Finally, the last question concerned the actions that Russians are taking to overcome economic difficulties. «ROMIR» indicates that the answers received showed that in General, the principles of survival in difficult times of crisis gradually softened.

How much income is «poverty»?

  • Less than 20 thousand rubles
  • Less than 15 thousand
  • Less than 10 thousand

Results

  • 76.6%

    Less than 20 thousand rubles

  • 14.4%

    Less than 15 thousand

  • 9.0%

    Less than 10 thousand

All proygressive»If at the beginning of 2016 among the priority measures for overcoming the crisis, the Russians indicated a redistribution of expenditures in favor of food and basic necessities (39%) and even threatened to reduce the cost of food and primary goods (27%), today the share of such answers reduced respectively to 33% and 15%», — stated in the study.

However, the increase in the share of Russians who are willing to reduce spending on recreation and entertainment (up to 31% from 28%), ready to give up expensive purchases (up to 26% from 22%) or expensive treatment and education (up to 16% from 11%). However, the proportion of those who are ready for a crisis to find additional earnings, fell to 20% from 25% a year earlier.

«Almost half (from 7% to 13%) in 2016, the proportion of Russians who declare that the economic problems in the country in which they are personally not affected», adds «ROMIR». In the national survey in December 2017, was attended by 1.5 thousand people aged 18 years and older who live in the cities and rural areas in all Federal districts.

Source