The expert called the new nuclear doctrine of the United States, the change of course

© Photo : U.S. Navy / John KowalskiПуск American missiles. Archive photoThe expert called the new nuclear doctrine of the United States, the change of course© Photo : U.S. Navy / John Kowalski

The publication of new US nuclear doctrine suggests that Washington decided to stay the course on reducing the role of nuclear weapons in foreign and military policy, which is adhered to the past 30 years, said RIA Novosti head of the Center for international security Institute of world economy and international relations (IMEMO) Russian Academy of Sciences Alexei Arbatov.

The Pentagon released on Friday, the US nuclear doctrine, which has paid great attention to the development of Russian nuclear forces. Among other potential threats, the Pentagon called North Korea, Iran and China. The Pentagon announced that the U.S. effort will be focused on the development of nuclear warheads of low power. In addition, the doctrine States that the U.S. will continue to spend money on the modernization of nuclear forces and the development of elements of the «nuclear triad» (Intercontinental ballistic missiles, strategic submarines and bombers). The United States said that, in General, advocate the reduction of nuclear weapons, but criticized the proposed UN Treaty on the complete prohibition of it as not meeting the current agenda.

Internal and external objectives

As Arbatov believes that such documents always have an internal and external dimension. In his opinion, within the US doctrine is designed to ensure the funding of military programs, to give an indication of the defense industry about which weapons should be created and give instructions to the military departments as to in which scenarios, and how these weapons will be used.

«While the external is a message and opponents, and allies. Opponents of this message is sent to warn them, in some cases, States may use nuclear weapons is called deterrence. And allies — to reassure them and to explain how the US plans to ensure their safety», — said the analyst.
Change of course USA

«The value of this document is not necessary to downplay, because this document means turning from the course which the United States adhered to the past 30 years, is a commitment to reduce the role of nuclear weapons in their foreign and military policy, nuclear arms reduction, including through a focus on General-purpose forces and latest nuclear system,» — said Arbatov.

According to him, now in the aspect of providing US security, the focus again returns to nuclear weapons. «Of course, General-purpose forces and the latest high-precision non-nuclear offensive and defensive offensive system of the United States will also develop. But if you talk about relative scales and proportions, the role of nuclear weapons is significantly increased,» — said Arbatov.

«Expanding the range of use of this nuclear weapon — not only as retaliation, but as a first strike in response to the use of the enemy’s forces and means of cyber warfare to strike at American control and management to the highest levels of leadership,» — said the analyst.

The threat of mini-charges

As the expert stressed, the most important thing in the new US strategy is that «there is a growing emphasis on miniature nuclear warheads — more applicable». «The logic is that the enemy can’t believe that the US will use a very powerful system that will immediately lead to escalation in global nuclear war. But the enemy may believe that in some local or regional war scenarios the United States will selectively apply a more miniature nuclear weapons. And such funds will create in accordance with this new doctrine,» — said the expert.

At the same time, Arbatov noted that while the new nuclear doctrine is only a paper document. «Nothing is created, nothing is pending, no arms race the US until the start. This all relates to the future 10-15 years», — he stressed.

However, according to him, the publication of the doctrine confirms the program of modernization of U.S. nuclear forces, which was proclaimed by the previous administration of the President of the United States. And this program adds several important elements.

«First submarines of the missiles will be equipped with such miniature nuclear warheads of low power, simpler to use selective or limited nuclear strikes. Secondly, will revive sea-based cruise missiles with nuclear warheads,» explained Arbatov.

He recalled that after 2010 the United States abandoned such missiles. The «system «Tomahawk» on submarines and on surface ships, about which Russia has expressed anxiety, were all equipped with conventional precision tools. Now the U.S. is reviving what was originally created — after all, originally Tomahawks were nuclear warheads. They again will be commissioned. And this they can do fairly quickly,» — concluded the analyst.

«This is the United States seen as a response to what they consider Russia’s violation of the Treaty on intermediate and shorter-range missiles. Although the naval nuclear cruise missiles are not the subject of the contract and this contract is not prohibited», — he said.

The Treaty on intermediate and shorter-range missiles was signed on 8 December 1987 during the visit of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in Washington. For the first time got laid the whole class of missile with a strike range of 500 to 1000 and from 1000 to 5500 kilometers, including rockets R-12 and R-14 that the USSR in 1962 had placed in Cuba, which provoked the famous Cuban missile crisis. In may 1991, the Treaty was fully implemented by the time the Soviet Union destroyed 1752 ballistic and cruise missiles, ground-based, USA — 859. However, the document is of unlimited duration. In addition, each of the parties is entitled to terminate it by presenting compelling evidence of the need out of it.

In recent years Moscow and Washington have become increasingly resort to mutual accusations about violations of the INF Treaty. In the US, talking about the development of the Russian Federation of a new class of weapons and, in response, approve the allocation of funds for their own development. Russian claims relate to armed drones and the transfer is allowed launchers Mk-41 with ships on dry land, as happened in Romania and Poland.