Cutting pancakes with a knife sin: as celebrated Shrove Tuesday in the old days

© RIA Novosti / Pavel to Listenpreise in photobacteria Wide carnival in the Park Taganskaya Sloboda in YekaterinburgCutting pancakes with a knife sin: as celebrated Shrove Tuesday in the old days© RIA Novosti / Pavel to Listenpreise the image Bank

How to go sledding, eating pancakes and having fun in a cheese week about this and other traditions of celebrating Shrovetide, RIA Novosti said Vera M. Bokova, writer, doctor of historical Sciences, chief researcher of the State historical Museum.

Sleigh rides, slides and swings

Festivities at the carnival and Christmas time, were the most widespread. The first half of the week the cheese people spent at home, and on Thursday began the real revelry. It’s the holidays of the winter cycle, and at Christmastime, the first sign of the carnival was the horseback riding: the secular and folk.

In Moscow around the red square to the current Elektrozavodskaja bridge (it was then the Pokrovsky bridge) or around the Kremlin and red square. These areas at the time of the festivities were exempt from the traffic.

On the outskirts was more daring, bravado, rode at full speed very quickly when the horse relies on all hooves, whistles and songs. Had fun here the people are simple.

On the streets be sure to put roller coasters and swings. On private land slides could be small, 10 meters, and in public places — 20-30 meters in height. These designs were assembled, and then served a special farm. The mountains poured water on the snow, made a small ledge on the sides. Below — drifts, in order not to break when dropped. If the person was alone or not able to ride, he was accompanied by just an employee of the cooperative.

And baked pancakes at home and carried to sell on the street in special trays on the belt. Belt this dealer had several plates. He laid portion, waited until the client eats, wiped a dish with a towel and before the next client. Not really, of course, hygienic, but what to do!

Was added at this time and the doctors. The fact that the pancakes had to be eaten whole, cut was not supposed to. It is a tradition from the days when it was considered that, the smaller you cut the food, the more damage she is causing. So that the volvulus was the duty of the disease.

Gluttony in carnival were exorbitant In those days and so a lot of eating — servings of soup, for example, in restaurants and taverns was served large, four at once. And Shrove Tuesday pancakes and even baked a lot, ate them all day.

© RIA Novosti / A. Sverdlovelectro in fotoreceptori painting B. Kustodiev «Maslenitsa», 1916Cutting pancakes with a knife sin: as celebrated Shrove Tuesday in the old days© RIA Novosti / A. Sverdlovelectro in fotoreceptori painting B. Kustodiev «Maslenitsa», 1916
Noisy presentations with the firing of cannon

Another mandatory attribute of the festival is the festive booths with shows and concerts. Performances for such representations specifically set, they lasted about 30-40 minutes and took place one after another without a break all day.

Usually they were scenes from people’s lives or the war stories. For example, were very popular the battle of the Russians with the Kabardinians. The plot is minimal, the main thing — the firing of cannon and rifles. All of this attracted the audience. Or valiant General skobeleff came out, uttered a few remarks, and again the firing of cannon. The people were delighted.

© RIA Novosti / Kirill to Kallinikova in photobacteria during the celebration of Maslenitsa in MoscowCutting pancakes with a knife sin: as celebrated Shrove Tuesday in the old days© RIA Novosti / Kirill to Kallinikova in photobacteria during the celebration of Maslenitsa in Moscow

The fee for such submissions was 20 cents. The performances were attended by Amateurs. At that time, every factory was Amateur actors, in the season they were contracted to work and get a little money. Cutting pancakes with a knife sin: as celebrated Shrove Tuesday in the old days© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Song Country patterns. Photo Project «Russia. The territory of the present»

Booths are easier shown the wonders and deformities. For example, a woman who was a mermaid in a glass box, or the albino of the Negro giant, a woman with a beard — a classic set that everyone watched with great pleasure, including educated people.

There were just crooks that nothing was up, but my penny it took. For example, showing the darkness of Egypt (unusual darkness; described in the Pentateuch the disaster that befell the Egyptians for refusing to free the Jews. — Primas’. ed.). Stuffed people into the tent, turned off the light and announced that it was in Egypt at the time of the pharaohs. The audience felt that it cheated, but nevertheless, when spectators at the outlet were asked whether it was interesting, they replied interested, come and see!

© RIA Novosti / Grigory to Sysoeva in photobacteria carnival on Revolution square in MoscowCutting pancakes with a knife sin: as celebrated Shrove Tuesday in the old days© RIA Novosti / Grigory to Sysoeva in photobacteria carnival on Revolution square in Moscow

During the festivities could be a popular folk instrumental ensembles, performers in the horns or the balalaika, which the audience well knew that in Moscow the musicians usually played all year at restaurants. Sounded special music from the outdoor balcony, performed on nasal, noisy and loud instruments, is create a special atmosphere. Cyclically themselves were the attraction — dived with the audience, joked, gave funny jokes.Cutting pancakes with a knife sin: as celebrated Shrove Tuesday in the old days© National library of France (Paris)military style: how the war changed the face of the Russians from Peter the great to Putin

They came mostly undemanding audience, which was a little bit tipsy. She didn’t care that the show, just compelling. Intelligent people rarely appeared in such places, but in childhood usually all been there: nurses, certainly brought their pupils to festivals. It was remembered for a lifetime, and then the old memory looked a laugh.

After the revolution, the carnival was not formally banned, but in fact she was eliminated because there was nothing. In the 1920-ies began experimenting with the length of the working week and working week, tenday, so the opportunity to celebrate mass was not. But at home, these traditions were preserved, the ritual food is still prepared.

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