The scientists said, where in the Solar system life can be

© NASA / JPL-Caltech/Space Science InstituteИзображение of Saturn’s moon Enceladus, captured by the spacecraft Cassini. Archival photo.The scientists said, where in the Solar system life can be© NASA / JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute

Scientists have found that extraterrestrial life could theoretically exist within the Solar system, reports Phys.org.

According to researchers from Germany and Austria, the conditions on Enceladus, one of Saturn’s moons, fit for life archaea — single-celled microorganisms without a nucleus.

Under the ice-covered surface of Saturn’s moon is the ocean. It turned out that archaea species Methanothermococcus okinawensis, producing methane, were perfectly adapted to life in conditions that scientists have created in laboratories and which may exist on Enceladus.

Archaea Methanothermococcus okinawensis live near hydrothermal vents on the seafloor at a very high temperature, converting carbon dioxide and hydrogen into methane. Traces of methane were previously detected in the fumes coming from cracks in the icy surface of Enceladus. According to scientists, the part of the gas could theoretically be produced by such microorganisms.

In addition, Enceladus is carbon dioxide, and its South pole has discovered evidence of hydrothermal activity. According to the calculations of researchers, geochemical processes in the core of a celestial body capable of providing the microorganisms a sufficient amount of hydrogen.

However, the results of the study speak only about possibility of the presence of microorganisms on Saturn, but can not prove that they do live there, the scientists.

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