© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Traveloperator in fotoreceptor of the Council under RF President on development of civil society and human rights Mikhail Fedotov. Archival photo© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Traveloperator the image Bank
Problems of the Russian pension system can not be solved only by raising the retirement age, need and measures for employees ‘ output «from the shadows», and checking the efficiency of spending of funds of the Pension Fund, the head of the presidential Council on human rights (HRC) Mikhail Fedotov.
«The fact that the current pension system should be changed, I think, anybody did not doubt. In its current form, it can guarantee the majority of pensioners, to put it mildly, very modest incomes», — said Fedotov on Wednesday during speczadanie the HRC on «the Draft pension reform in the context of human rights».
He noted that, for example, his own labour pension «in the presence of a half-century of work experience, highest academic degrees, scientific ranks, diplomatic ranks is 26 thousand rubles.» Thus Fedotov stressed that today in favor of raising the retirement age and demographics, and the experience of foreign countries.
Raising the retirement age aimed, in his opinion, the solution of two major problems. «It is bridging the deficit budget of the Pension Fund and increase the level of old age pensions I would suggest to still call the old-age pensions, at least out of respect for the seniors, well, the Constitution too, just in case,» he explained.
The head of the Council is convinced that «by itself, raising the retirement age, these tasks will not solve». «Required, among other things, measures to improve the collection of pension contributions. And we have still a serious proportion of workers is in the shade, getting paid in envelopes. In addition, you must carefully check the effectiveness of spending of funds of the Pension Fund,» — said the defender.
He added that it «remains opaque and the fate of the unclaimed funds that have not lived up to his pension». One of the principal shortcomings of the current pension system, the human rights activist called it «chronic instability»: the system is constantly changing, and thus «deprive the working confidence in the future and, most importantly, tomorrow».
«In my opinion, the pension reform should ensure, first, its stability for at least the next 20 years, and secondly, a decent level of pensions. Thirdly, pension reform should not be, in my opinion, offensive for the people», — he said, citing as an example the term «period of survival», which denotes the period of life after a pension.
Fedotov said that «any changes to the pension system it is important to do it as calmly, without haste, without pressure, openly and publicly.» «And the new pension system should be as transparent, clear, fair and desirable. Otherwise continue a considerable part of our fellow citizens will recognize the period of employment as a period of transition between dependent parents and dependent from the Pension Fund», — concluded the Chairman of the HRC.
The bill of the Cabinet noted that this initiative will create the conditions for annual indexation of pensions above the rate of inflation in balance and long-term financial sustainability of the pension system of the Russian Federation as a whole. First Deputy Prime Minister — Finance Minister Anton Siluanov at the meeting of the tripartite Commission stated that the changes in pension legislation and taxation should provide a new quality of economic growth and enhance the quality of life of citizens. According to him, the pension bill aims to increase the real pension in the country. All funds received through its implementation, will go to social sector, special emphasis will be placed on health.
Now the standard age of retirement in Russia is 60 and 55 years for men and women respectively prescribed by law the retirement age established in the 1930-ies. The question of raising the retirement age has been discussed for quite some time. The need for this is caused by growing life expectancy and the inability to provide a decent pension in circumstances when the number of employees in the country decreases, while the number of pensioners, by contrast, is growing. Today, in most countries the retirement age is 60-65 years.
The regions of the Russian Federation until July 17 to discuss draft amendment to pension legislation. First Vice-speaker of the lower chamber Alexander Zhukov said that the bill will pass in the autumn in the state Duma in second and third, final reading.