In the vicinity of Suzdal, archaeologists have found the mark the beginning of the XII century

© Fotolia / mrks_vАрхеологические excavationsIn the vicinity of Suzdal, archaeologists have found the mark the beginning of the XII century© Fotolia / mrks_vПодпишись to daily updates RIA Science

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Specialists of the Institute of archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences during archaeological surveys of one of the settlements of Suzdal opolye found a lead stamp of the beginning of the XII century, which belonged, perhaps, to the Governor of the Prince, the management of which could be of Suzdal land, or a spiritual person. This discovery became a sensation from the point of view of studying the history of North-Eastern Russia, reported the press service of the Institute.

Excavations took place in Suzdal Opole district, covering a part of the Vladimir and Ivanovo regions in the basins of the rivers Nerl and Colossi. The Slavic colonization of these lands began no later than X century. Suzdal Opole, eye-catching high density of the medieval settlement, in the X-XII centuries, became the core of North-Eastern Russia, and Suzdal in the beginning of the XII century became an important political centre, for half a century occupied a dominant position in the Rostov-Suzdal land.

In Ancient Russia the person had power, — the princes, their retainers and the upper clergy, had his own seal, which was sealed official documents. Metal (mostly lead) bilateral lead seals were stamped matrix in the form of tongs and attached the cord to the documents written on parchment. Such seals, pre-Mongol era, there are several thousand, but they were mostly found in the North-West of Russia, in Novgorod (where found more than 800 seals), Pskov, Beloozero, the Rurik mound. The findings of seals in the North-East of Russia rare, the report says.

Print found in Suzdal Opole, is a circular plate with a diameter of about 2.2 centimeters and a thickness of approximately 2 millimeters. The obverse depicts the two saints: the impression can be understood that they are depicted full-face, they rounded young beardless face, the left — curly hair. The right hand left of the Saint are shown in a blessing gesture, left the situation unclear. The right Saint in the right hand is some sort of elongated object, possibly a code or a vessel, the left hand raised. The saints are dressed in tunics: chest and shoulders you can see the folds of clothing. The heads of the saints for point halos in the print center over halos the letters «OA», around the image of point rim. On the sides of the columnar images are inscriptions: at the left the Saint — «Kosm», near the right — Damian.

All this gives grounds to assume that the print depicts saints Cosmas and Damian, which was honoured as martyrs, the disinterested, miracle workers and healers, the report says. «What was Damian? Scientists believe that it is, of course, occupied a high position in society and could be the closest adviser to the Prince and a representative of the Church,» — said in a press release.

Scientists believe that the activities of Damian was tied to the Rostov-Suzdal lands.

Print with images of saints Cosmas and Damian is an extremely rare find, the report says. In the entire history of the excavations was found only a few seals, impressed with the same matrix.