The mandate for trade negotiations with the US belongs to EC, said the expert

© RIA Novosti / Alexei Vitvitskiy in photobacteria of the European Commission in BrusselsThe mandate for trade negotiations with the US belongs to EC, said the expert© RIA Novosti / Alexei Vitvitskiy the image Bank

The mandate for trade negotiations with the United States have with the European Commission, not individual member countries of the European Union, the French position can be important but not decisive in the discussion of the EU trade agreement, the United States, told RIA Novosti Deputy Director of the Institute of Europe Olga Butorina.

On Thursday during a visit to Madrid, the President of France Emmanuel macron said that he does not support at this stage, the start of negotiations on a trade agreement between the EU and the United States, because there are no conditions.

«The mandate for the negotiation of foreign trade policy is vested not in the individual member States of the European Union and the European Commission, since 1968 there is a common foreign trade policy of the EU. Therefore, the position of individual countries is interesting, particularly, of France, and asks some political channel through which events can develop. But, nevertheless, the ability of France to conduct trade negotiations with the United States, like any other third country in the world, in principle, do not exist,» explained Butorin.

She noted that «the position of France as a nation, the founder of the European Union significant».

«France is a country with 60 million inhabitants, the second largest after Germany, one of the largest economies. But, nevertheless, we know that the state of the French economy has always been weaker compared to the German, always had its vulnerabilities, its own characteristics, less-developed, advanced industrial production, and on the contrary, a more developed but less efficient agriculture. So the voice of France is important, but, in my opinion, is not decisive, because in this situation hardly when deciding on the start of negotiations it comes to what France or any other country will veto. It can change the conditions that can affect them, but are unlikely to beat the position of other EU countries», — the expert believes.

According to Butorina, on the United States and the European Union have, according to various estimates, up to 40-45% of world GDP. «The same, their share in world trade is growing especially in the recent years their importance in world trade in services. So, trade conflicts between the two major trading players, of course, happen, and happen throughout the decades of their relationship since the establishment of the European economic community. Of course, they hurt both sides. But the escalation of these trade conflicts into a full-scale trade war or in a state of cessation of trade relations, the embargo is impossible,» — concluded Butorin.

The President of the United States Donald trump held Wednesday talks with the head of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker said following the talks that the parties will begin work towards the elimination of all tariffs and subsidies and that the EU will increase purchases of liquefied natural gas and soybeans from the United States.

In March, the US imposed import duties on steel and aluminum in the amount of 25% and 10% respectively. In relation to the EU and some other countries the duty came into force in June. The US justified their moves on national security grounds.

Almost all countries that have new duties, said on the preparation and introduction of the response. In particular, the EU imposed additional duties of 25% on the import of certain goods from the United States.