«When will you collapse?» The Wailing wall was under threat

© REUTERS / Nir EliasСтокилограммовый the stone fell out of the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem«When will you collapse?» The Wailing wall was under threat© REUTERS / Nir Elias

From the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem broke stokilogrammovye fragment. The Jews saw this as a «divine sign,» but Muslims suspect Israel of trying to undermine their shrines. Scientists talk about the need for restoration work. About why the problem of preservation of the main Holy places of Judaism threatens to become intractable — in the material RIA Novosti.

Blame Newton

Stokilogrammovye stone that fell from the Western Wall, split right at the feet of the worshippers 79-year-old Danielle Goldberg. It and nearby people escaped with only a fright. In Jerusalem immediately began to talk about the miracle.

Rabbi Shimon Levine, living in this city, says such speculation is questionable, «the Stone fell over the land allocated at the request of the reformists (liberal movement in Judaism. — Approx. ed.). There is almost no people.»

But believers are not appeased. On the Internet, the controversy erupted as to understand what happened: it’s a bad omen or a harbinger of change for the better? Because some Jews believe that sooner or later the Jerusalem Temple will be rebuilt — and then don’t have to pray at the Wailing Wall.

«We can say unequivocally that this is a consequence of the law of universal gravitation, given by God and opened by Isaac Newton. The rest, in my opinion, speculation. The mood in Jerusalem is different — and, of course, many attribute this incident of particular importance, depending on his Outlook,» — said Rabbi Shimon Levin.

He is confident that Israeli authorities will do everything for the safety of believers. The municipality of Jerusalem has already ordered more frequently to check the status of the Shrine in order to «reduce the risks of such accidents».

© RIA Novosti / Maxim to Unchangability in fotobanka of Solomon in ruins«When will you collapse?» The Wailing wall was under threat© RIA Novosti / Maxim to Unchangability in fotobanka of Solomon in ruins

The threat to the Shrine really is. The Wailing wall, or Western Wall — part of the massive Foundation of the Second Temple, built by king Herod the Great in first century BC. Built it for the ages, but in 70, the year Romans destroyed the main Jewish Shrine. Here only the Foundation was so strong that to carry it completely failed.

The Wailing wall is the only Shrine in the old part of Jerusalem, which can be visited around the clock. This creates difficulties for archaeologists. In addition, for different currents of Judaism in the Western Wall has its own sector.

© RIA Novosti / Anton Scrupulously Jew near the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem«When will you collapse?» The Wailing wall was under threat© RIA Novosti / Anton Scrupulously Jew near Western Wall in Jerusalem

In 2016, scientists have warned the Prime Minister that Jews reformist wing inherited the most problematic area. And their fears were confirmed.

«We’re talking about the wall, which for two thousand years, and certain threats of her safety, of course. But I’m not sure that behind this stone will immediately begin to fall the other,» — said in an interview with RIA Novosti chief archaeologist of the Israel antiquities authority Joe Uziel.

He assured that the specialists regularly inspect each stone in the wall, using a scanning device.

«In any case, you need to conduct a large-scale work on conservation and make sure that the wall will not collapse,» the scientist said.

This, he believes, will take a long time. There’s not just «strengthening of structures», and even a full-scale scientific investigation of the archaeological monument.

«Crimes against religions»

Project for the conservation of the Western Wall is quite expensive, says Professor Uziel. Their own scientific community can not cope, need help from the state. But in this matter there is another important aspect, which scientists prefer not to mention.

Friday on the Temple mount, clashes with local Muslims and Israeli police. And the day before a press-the Secretary of the Palestinian movement of national liberation Osama al-Kawasme, commenting on the incident with the Wailing Wall, accused the Israelis that they make a tunnel under the temple mount.

© AFP 2018 / Ahmad GharabliЗадержание protester in Jerusalem’s Old city. 27 July 2018«When will you collapse?» The Wailing wall was under threat© AFP 2018 / Ahmad GharabliЗадержание protester in Jerusalem’s Old city. July 27, 2018

«Underground raids as part of the permanent archaeological site is a crime against all religions, a gross violation of the sanctity of Islam, and the promotion of extremism and blind religious fanaticism. It is planned in malice of the government of Israel to undermine any possibility of coexistence in the region», — quotes his words to the Palestinian Agency Maan.

The fact that the Temple mount is the third holiest site in Islam — the al-Aqsa mosque. It, like all the perimeter of the mount, is responsible for the Islamic Waqf. As the guardian of the Shrine is endowed with the king of Jordan, which periodically allocates money for restoration located on mount mosques.

© RIA Novosti / Anton Sceponaviciute the dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa mosque on the Temple mount in Jerusalem«When will you collapse?» The Wailing wall was under threat© RIA Novosti / Anton Sceponaviciute the dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa mosque on the Temple mount in Jerusalem
Legal incident

«The whole complex of al-Aqsa mosque on the perimeter, including the Western Wall, is considered the inalienable property of the Waqf. This was provided for by the legislation of the Ottoman Empire. But since the establishment of the British mandate, when Jews began to return to historical Palestine, this area always had problems,» says the orientalist Mikhail Yakushev.

© RIA Novosti / Anton Striporama mount and the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem«When will you collapse?» The Wailing wall was under threat© RIA Novosti / Anton Striporama mount and Western Wall in Jerusalem

For example, one of the major clashes between Muslims and Jews in the 1920-ies started for the left at the Wailing Wall chair. And since 1967, after the six day war, the actual control of the Jewish Shrine is completely transferred to Israel. But the dispute around it, like around the Temple mount, not allowed so far.

«At the summit in camp David in 2000, which discussed the final status of Jerusalem, the Israelis demanded an «air and ground sovereignty» over the whole of the al-Aqsa mosque. Yasser Arafat did not agree, saying that it is not his own Shrine, not Palestinian, and the Islamic world», — said Yakushev.

And although now the Wailing Wall actually belongs to Israel, the restoration of the Shrine, as suggested by Yakushev must be performed with the «consent of the legitimate owner» and, apparently, to coordinate with Jordan and the Waqf. And in General, according to the documents of the UN, East Jerusalem «is Israeli-occupied territory», reminds the expert.

«But in the relevant UN resolutions, before the term «occupied territory» is missing the definite article, so everyone understands this document in its own way. And the Israelis believe that not all the occupied territories,» he explains.

Sooner or later, says the orientalist, Jews and Muslims will have to negotiate about the restoration of the Western Wall. Because at stake is no less the safety of not only religious shrines but also peace in the region.

© RIA Novosti / Sergey Goneeverything in photobacteria Crying«When will you collapse?» The Wailing wall was under threat© RIA Novosti / Sergey Goneeverything in photobacteria Crying

 

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