Became known the attitude of Russian men to find women on maternity leave

© Depositphotos / evgenyatamanНоворожденный. Archival photoBecame known the attitude of Russian men to find women on maternity leave© Depositphotos / evgenyataman

More than 70% of Russian men believe that women after childbirth should be as late as possible to go to work, but most Russian women prefer to return to the workplace after the child is one and a half years, with the popular belief that in the decree a woman becomes stupid — nothing more than a myth, told RIA Novosti experts.

Maternity leave in Russia and abroad

In Russia every mother has the right to leave to care for a child up to three years guaranteed by the labor laws. The majority of moms get maternity leave payments until the child turns a year and a half — after that, the state subsidy is 50 rubles per month.

«More than 70% of men believe that women should be as late as possible to go to work after the birth of the child and to devote more time to the family, among women, this opinion is shared by 64%,» — told RIA Novosti researcher of the laboratory for studies of demography and migration, Institute for social analysis and forecasting Ranhigs Ekaterina Tretyakova.

According to demographers, most often in the Russia women moving into the labour market six months after the birth of a child (28%). «By the time the child reaches three years of age are employed more than 90% of women,» — said the Agency interlocutor.

While still the most common form of labor is full employment for a full working day out with 82.5% of women on part-time — 17,5%.

«Female participation in the labour market is closely linked with the ability to send their children to kindergarten and nursery. This files most often given to the child in a kindergarten in two years (35% of households) and three years (27% of households). Another 17% of mothers give the child in pre-school organizations later, which increases the period of their absence from the labour market. Almost half of female respondents (43,7%) with underage children, would like to send their children to kindergarten earlier than it happened in reality, however, had no such opportunity,» — said Tretyakov.

According to her, these data were obtained in a survey aimed at studying the demographic composition of families, reproductive behaviour of the population, socio-economic status of households and the quality of health of the population. In the survey participated 9605 people from seven regions of Russia.

Tretyakov noted that in foreign countries, paid leave is substantially less than in Russia on average it is four to five months.

«A country with a long maternity leave can be attributed to the Scandinavian countries: in Sweden, the holiday lasts 1.4 years, covering 80% of the amount of CP in Norway is 10.5 months, 100% SN. However, in other countries vacation time is significantly lower and is around three to four months. Short term vacation kompensiruet the size of the allowance, which in most countries is the entire amount of wages», — said the expert.

According to her, there are exceptions. So, in the United States leave to care for a child is unpaid, in Canada, in some provinces, its size does not exceed 55% of salary, in other countries payments are fixed and do not depend on the wage.

According to the labor Ministry of the Russian Federation, in Russia today, the amount of the lump sum at birth is 16.8 thousand. The monthly allowance for child care up to six years for citizens, not subject to compulsory social insurance, equal to 3.1 thousand rubles — for the care of the first child, 6,3 thousand roubles on care of the second and subsequent children. The maximum amount of benefits for pregnancy and childbirth, which is paid in the amount of 100% of average earnings of a working woman is in 2018 61.4 thousand rubles in average for a full calendar month. This allowance is paid to women working under labor contracts, a total of 70 days before and 70 days after birth. The maximum amount of the monthly grant on care of the child till one and a half years, paid in the amount of 40 % of average earnings of the insured person is in 2018 24.5 thousand rubles.

To stay in the decree, and to go Gaga?

Tretyakov also notes that the longer the break in employment, the greater the likelihood of problems returning to the labour market.

«In Russia after birth the risk of unemployment for women is increasing. A large proportion of women after returning to work find themselves in less advantageous conditions as compared to the childless. The longer the break in employment, the greater the likelihood of problems returning to the labour market», — says the expert.

According to her, the return for women after a break of leave to care for a child usually means a partial loss of skills or the lag from colleagues in adoption of new technologies.

With this opinion strongly disagree psychologist, Professor of the Moscow Institute of psychoanalysis, Marina Ponomareva.

«The story that the woman becomes stupid in the decree is just a myth. Not the decree makes a woman inactive or stupid. Sitting in the office can also be stupid. We’re kind of stop in its development, while doing something monotonous for a long time. Our intelligence evolves, we have new neural connections when we do something new, master a new activity. In this sense motherhood, especially if this is your first child, this is a new field for activity,» she told RIA Novosti.

As an example of improving communication skills in maternity leave, the psychologist cited the situation in which the mother needs to convince a recalcitrant two-year-old «to wear a jacket for the weather».

According to Ponomareva, the woman on maternity leave can mark the deterioration of memory and attention, but this does not mean that it is «stupid», as a rule, such sensations appear in a state of burnout and depression in those mothers who «shouldered» all responsibilities for child care.

«If a woman says she feels stupid, then you need to carefully look at the situation in which it is: maybe she’s just tired, or deep down wants to be not only mom, but to be professional,» she stated.

As told the interlocutor of Agency, there is no single rule on how much a woman needs to be in the decree.

«The child has a period approximately to the years when the mother is very important for him, and her absence will be for him very sensitive. From the moment he begins to walk and talk, he no longer needs the mother’s presence twenty-four hours a day, especially if there are other people involved in caring for him, dad, grandma or the nanny,» — said Ponomarev RIA Novosti.

According to the psychologist, the question of whether to go to work early or to stay on maternity leave all three years, it is important to build on both individual needs and characteristics of the child, and the feelings of the mother.

«What decision is there to take — depends on the woman. One sits in the decree a few years and feels great: sold and active woman, and another soul burn, because you want to sell yourself in another field. And if she is mad at the world, to husband, to the child — what is her point in staying in the decree?» — says the psychologist.

Ponomarev emphasizes that in communicating with the child, it is important not quantity but quality.

«Motherhood is definitely happiness, but it is fraught with difficulties, and victims, and it is important to be aware of themselves and their needs. You can go to work quite early and successfully to combine work with motherhood, that very many do, and seem in the eyes of society «a bad mother». And it is possible to serve five years in the decree, to be unhappy and depressed, and still society here will find something to cling to,» he added.