«Moses has left us a great mystery». Archaeologists are rediscovering the Bible

© RIA Novosti / Anton Scripwriting to the prophet Moses on mount nebo, Jordan«Moses has left us a great mystery». Archaeologists are rediscovering the Bible© RIA Novosti / Anton Skripunov

In recent years, increasingly report sensational discoveries of archaeologists confirming the reality of the described events in the Bible. A lot of these «biblical finds» made in Jordan. About how scientists determine the authenticity of the shrines and what mysteries they have yet to solve — in the material RIA Novosti.

«Temple down»

Archaeologist Rustom, Mjan shows the correspondent of RIA Novosti ruins of a Byzantine Church near the Jordan. Some twenty years ago about the features of the town of al-Maghtas on the East Bank of the river (in Jordan) know is that the local Bedouins.

«In 1996 we began to explore the area. Our team of 70 archaeologists systematically studied every piece of land, making trial excavations. If anywhere something is found, I dug wider and deeper,» the scientist said.

But why is he so sure? Before the excavations, experts have done a great job with the archives, having carefully studied all the available evidence concerning this so significant for Christianity events.

First, the researchers relied on the gospel account of the baptism of Jesus Christ. There is passing reference to a place called Beth-Abara (Vihara — in the Russian version of the Bible), or «crossing of the prophets.» And secondly, analyzed the descriptions left by medieval pilgrims.

The city of Aqaba on the red sea was called Aila. During the Roman Empire it was one of the largest «hubs»: through it to Europe along the silk path.

And here in the mid-1990s, years researchers from North Carolina state University decided to look for traces of a Christian presence. Why? The fact that the Bishop of Aila is mentioned among the participants of the first Ecumenical Council of 325.

In 1998, archaeologists discovered the ruins of an ancient Basilica. It was built between 298 and 303, although Christianity in the Roman Empire legalized only in the year 313. Scientists are still arguing how this was possible in the large port city.

The hint on the floor

New discoveries in the field of biblical archaeology happen almost every year. Basically, scientists are finding artifacts, indirectly pointing at a particular event. And in search they rely heavily on manuscripts.

In the Jordanian city of Madaba in the Orthodox Church of St. George kept this «cheat sheet» to the Holy places — both believers and scientists. In 1894, the builders of the St. George temple was found a fragment of a huge mosaic of the sixth century. It depicts numerous towns and temples on the territory of modern Israel, Egypt, Syria, Jordan and Lebanon. This map of the Holy land. Thanks to her, in particular, and found the place of Christ’s baptism.

© RIA Novosti / Anton Skribunova map, Jordan«Moses has left us a great mystery». Archaeologists are rediscovering the Bible© RIA Novosti / Anton Skribunova map, Jordan

«To have survived a fragment of four to seven meters, that’s almost two million stones. In General, «the Madaba map» is composed of five millions of mosaic fragments,» — told RIA Novosti one of the Ministers of St. George Church in Madaba.

However, one significant place on the map is still there, although it is only a few kilometers from Madaba. Mount nebo is considered sacred for a reason and the Jews and the Christians and the Muslims. On it, according to legend, died and was buried the prophet Moses.

© RIA Novosti / Anton Skripunov to the Jordan valley from mount nebo, Jordan «Moses has left us a great mystery». Archaeologists are rediscovering the Bible© RIA Novosti / Anton Skripunov to the Jordan valley from mount nebo, Jordan

According to the Bible, the Lord punished him for his anger and lack of patience with the fact that he was not allowed to enter the promised Land, he only saw her in her last moments. And it happened just at mount nebo, where today you can see not only the Jordan valley and even Jerusalem. The main mystery of the mountain — the burial place of Moses. According to legend, he bequeathed to hide the body, so that enemies could not find him and desecrate. And now, more than three thousand years, people unsuccessfully trying to track down the grave of the prophet.

© RIA Novosti / Anton Scrupulousness VII century mosaic at mount nebo, Jordan«Moses has left us a great mystery». Archaeologists are rediscovering the Bible© RIA Novosti / Anton Scrupulousness VII century mosaic at mount nebo, Jordan

In the 1930-ies attempt to find the relic was taken to Franciscan monks. But unearthed only a few Byzantine churches of VI-VII centuries with unique mosaics depicting animals and people.

«The burial place of the prophet Moses — a mystery left to them before he died. And here is the burial place of his brother, Aaron, we know, it is located in the famous Peter,» — said the Rust, Mjan.

© RIA Novosti / Anton Skripunov Temple of El Khazneh in Petra, Jordan«Moses has left us a great mystery». Archaeologists are rediscovering the Bible© RIA Novosti / Anton Skripunov Temple of El Khazneh in Petra, Jordan
The Russians are coming

Now in Jordan conducted extensive archaeological research. Found the Shrine, of course, attracted pilgrims.

«Many believers consider Jordan as a starting point of pilgrimage to the Holy land. Only the Christian Holy places in our country, thirty-five,» — told RIA Novosti the head of the Department of tourism of Jordan Abdul Razak Arabiyat.

© RIA Novosti / Anton Skripunov the valley of the Dead sea from the mountain Lot, Jordan«Moses has left us a great mystery». Archaeologists are rediscovering the Bible© RIA Novosti / Anton Skripunov the valley of the Dead sea from the mountain Lot, Jordan

He added that the number of pilgrims from Russia over the past six months has doubled. The most popular among the faithful of the Russian Church is the place of the baptism of Christ.

Jordanian authorities intend to open for pilgrims and other biblical sites. There is no doubt that scientists will continue his findings, and a list of shrines will expand. For Christians throughout the world, the Bible re-opens. Paradoxically, it is thanks to science.

© RIA Novosti / Anton Sriperambadur in the desert of Wadi Rum in Jordan«Moses has left us a great mystery». Archaeologists are rediscovering the Bible© RIA Novosti / Anton Sriperambadur in the desert of Wadi Rum in Jordan

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