«Leva-Reva» and «the husband-monster»: what we don’t know about Leo Tolstoy

© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotobanka Tolstoy riding a horse in Yasnaya Polyana«Leva-Reva» and «the husband-monster»: what we don’t know about Leo Tolstoy© RIA to Novoshepelychi the image Bank

Relationship with the mother and wife, love for children, family crisis and the flight from Yasnaya Polyana — to the 190th anniversary since birthday of Leo Tolstoy, which is celebrated on September 9, reprinted the book «the Holy against Leo. John of Kronstadt and Leo Tolstoy: the story of one of hostility».

Its author, literary critic and biographer of the writer Pavel Basinsky reveals little-known facts of the biography of the Russian classic. RIA Novosti publishes the most interesting excerpts from the book.

Relationship with her mother

«We know a lot about the mother of Leo Tolstoy. We know that was not in the world another woman who would have such a strong influence on his religious feelings. But to understand the essence of this effect is difficult,» says Pavel Basinsky in the book, published by «Edition Elena Shubina» publishers AST.

Meanwhile, in the mystery of the mother may be the explanation for what we call «the religion of Tolstoy,» says the biographer.

«Tolstoy was fond of his mother. He prayed for her. «It seemed to me such a high, pure, spiritual being, often in the middle period of my life, during the exhausting fight against me with temptations, I prayed to her soul, begging her to help me, and this prayer always helped me,» he says».

The writer’s grandfather, Nikolai Sergeevich Volkonsky, created his daughter although not his full likeness, but the personality.

«Tolstoy knew that mother loved him more than all his children. She called his Apartment Benjamin mon petit» (my little Benjamin). Basinsky notes that there is a name from Hebrew and means «happy, lucky».


Every reader of «Childhood» and «Adolescence» by Tolstoy will certainly draw attention to the fact that the protagonist of these novels nikolenka irtenev cries a lot, says the author of the study.

«Tears are the main mental and physical reaction to all the problems posed by child the world,» writes Basinsky.

Tears is the only way to solve all the conflicts to which nikolenka irtenev resorted unconsciously, simply because that is its spiritual nature.

And yet, notes the author, Tolstoy is, indeed, «was a monster because of his moral feelings were always categorical and exaggerated».

The gentleman working in the blouse

«According to his son Ilya Lvovich, «by birth, education and manners father was a real aristocrat. Despite his working blouse, which he invariably wore, despite his complete disregard to all the prejudices of nobility, he was a gentleman and gentleman stayed till the very end of his days,» continues Basinsky.

As for the notorious peasant clothes, her Thick not worn, emphasizes the biographer. «Hoodie» is still very different from peasant blouses. At least the fact that the incision was in the front, not the side. Itself blouse, according to academician D. S. Likhachev, was devised to ensure that during operation of the gates did not drop out a cross.

«For Tolstoy, who refused to wear a cross, it didn’t matter. On the other hand, the «sweatshirt» was a garment so comfortable that survived its Creator by more than a hundred years. Today loose blouse of thick knitwear combined with a hood («hoodie») is considered the most comfortable and functional clothing for maximum heat retention. And no one would think that there is something «calling» — the author notes.

© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotoracconti Pavel Trubetskoy sculpts a bust of Leo Tolstoy«Leva-Reva» and «the husband-monster»: what we don’t know about Leo Tolstoy© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotoracconti Pavel Trubetskoy sculpts a bust of Leo Tolstoy

«Secondly, the rejection of aristocratic dress had for Tolstoy important and moral, and, again, practical sense. It is difficult to imagine the extent to which the clothing of the time emphasized the social origin of man».

«Since the Petrine era external differences between a gentleman and a man reached such a scale that, once there, these two members of homo sapiens could not communicate with each other as two representatives of humanity, but only as a gentleman with a man.»

A change of clothes was for Tolstoy the moral sense: he’d be ashamed to be with a man in the cotton shirt with bow, concludes the author.