All penguin populations are declining but not endangered, says expert

© Fotolia / Nick DaleПингвины Adele jump between the ice floes. Archival photoAll penguin populations are declining but not endangered, says expert© Fotolia / Nick DaleПодпишись to daily updates RIA Science

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All penguin populations are declining, but extinction can not be called, said to RIA Novosti, the ornithologist, one of the leading experts on penguins in Russia Olga Rozdina.

As previously reported by RIA Novosti at the Eastern economic forum the representative of Russia in the Coalition for the conservation of Antarctic and southern ocean (ASOC) Elena Zharkova, Adelie penguins in Antarctica threatened with mass extinction due to global warming and catch krill.

«The overall trend of downsizing in all species is planned. The most prosperous species on today — Royal and Emperor penguins. Of course, this is not extinction, most of the penguins is a fairly safe species, millions of them,» said Rondina.

According to her, the drawdown is due to the melting of ice in coastal Antarctica, in addition, in connection with climate change changing of ocean currents in the southern hemisphere and, consequently, of fish stocks. In this regard, the shift of the zone of hunting penguins.

«Adelie penguins are also quite a lot. Another thing, if the species population is in the hundreds. When the population numbers several hundred individuals, the halving is already critical, and when a few million, the remaining part of the population is enough to survive until favorable times», — said the Agency interlocutor.

According to her, the most vulnerable today are the Humboldt penguins that live on the coast of Peru, Argentina and Chile, although they breed well in captivity and are in almost all zoos.