NASA tested a parachute braking system capsules «Orion»

© NASA / Bill StaffordАстронавты included in the NASA spacecraft Orion. Archival photoNASA tested a parachute braking system capsules «Orion»© NASA / Bill StaffordПодпишись to daily updates RIA Science

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NASA on Wednesday successfully conducted the final test of the parachute braking system of the landing capsule of the future interplanetary ship «Orion».

Test capsule «Orion» with a weight of 9.5 tons was dropped from aircraft in Arizona at an altitude of about 10 kilometers. The broadcast led the NASA website. The test should confirm operability of a complex system of 11 main and auxiliary parachutes in conjunction with pyrotechnic charges to ensure braking and landing.

Since Orion will fly beyond low earth orbit, its landing capsule will enter earth’s atmosphere at high speed — more than 9 kilometers per second. It is estimated that the ship can safely «plant» two main parachute and one stabilizing. However, for additional reliability, the Seating system consists of three main parachutes and two stabilizing. In December, the experts tested the system for failure of one of the stabilizing parachute and the next test is scheduled for may.

The first launch to the moon a new American space ship «Orion» crew is scheduled for 2023, while its first test flight without astronauts on a new launch vehicle Space Launch System (SLS) Block 1 is scheduled in 2020.

The second flight to the moon a new manned spacecraft is expected in 2024 at the booster of the SLS Block 1B.

Earlier NASA reported that decided to postpone from November 2018 to 2019 first test launch of the carrier rocket SLS vehicle with the Orion without a crew on Board.