Entrance «supernatural reality»: the faithful celebrate the New year

© Photo : courtesy of the press service of the Patriarch of Moscow and all Recipesearch Cyril commits a common prayer for the new year in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow. Archive photoEntrance «supernatural reality»: the faithful celebrate the New year© Photo : courtesy of the press service of the Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia

The Orthodox faithful September 14, the New year is a new year on the Church calendar. To understand this holiday only in the context of all the events of the liturgical year: Indiction (calendar) associated with the special reality of «supernatural», «transcendent», in which the lives of a believer. This is indicated by the clergy.

In temples on this day remember the gospel story about how Jesus Christ read in the synagogue at Nazareth the prophecy of Isaiah about the «summer of the Lord». Tradition has connected this event from September 1 (September 14 new style). From that day, from the IV century is counting the Church of the Indiction.

«Supernatural reality»

«In our Church on September 1, begins the cycle of so-called twelve great feasts (the twelve main. — Approx. ed.) of the holidays devoted to the events of the earthly life of the Saviour and the virgin, with a specific date. Anyway, every day of the Church calendar is associated with any celebration or memory of the saints. But the Church calendar is more complicated than civil. If civil just repeats the scheme of matching some events certain days in the Church calendar there is another model — based on the day of the celebration of Easter, which each year falls on different days,» — said RIA Novosti Deputy head of the Synodal missionary Department of the Moscow Patriarchate, hegumen Serapion (Mitko).

From Easter are counted in the preparatory weeks before lent, and Sundays, and «week» (the week) after Passover with special meaning. Among the feasts there are the twelve — the Lord’s Entrance into Jerusalem, the Ascension and Holy Trinity Day (Pentecost).

«The art of the Church’s Charter is to combine neperehodimyh holidays and carry-over. This creates the peculiar reality in which he lives, the believer, is associated with the ascension of Christ, the supernatural, the transcendent, into which one enters by faith. And the reality is the threshold of the Kingdom of Heaven,» explains the priest.

According to him, the civil calendar «genetically, historically, goes back to Church and carries certain of its features». «We use the civil calendar and not always remember his story. But by the type of the calendar time in which we live, we owe the tradition of the Church. Because that’s what the Church calendar is the basis of our procedure of counting down the days, time,» — said the Agency interlocutor.

The Governor of the vysoko-Petrovsky monastery of Moscow, rector of the Russian Orthodox University Abbot Peter (Eremeev) drew attention to the fact that the beginning and the end of the annual cycle associated with the life of the blessed virgin Mary, to whom «was committed the matter of human salvation».

«The first significant feast of the Church year — the Nativity of the Theotokos in September, and the last assumption is in August. It turns out that the year begins with the birth of the virgin Mary, and completes its ascent from the earthly world to the eternal Kingdom of the Divine Son,» said Eremeev.

The beginning of the «freedom of a Christian»

The ecclesiastical new year is celebrated since the fourth century. The Emperor Constantine the Great, won a September 1 312 victory over the usurper Maxentius, gave Christians full freedom to practice their faith. And the participants of the First Ecumenical Council in 325 in memory of this decided to celebrate the New year on 1 September, the day of the «freedom of a Christian».

On September 1, have always had a festive service with a special chin — wires the summer. The gospel this day read the Patriarch himself. And after Matins the Bishop and other priests in the singing of the choir, the procession went to the town square and committed service with the reading of the gospel and special petitions.

However, in Russia even after the adoption of Christianity civil year the old fashioned way for a long time began with March. With this month marking the year of Nestor and other ancient Russian chroniclers. It was not until the fifteenth century.

Preserved evidence that in the XVII century Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, and behind him, nobles and other service people dedicated the day of the new year acts of mercy. All richly clothed the poor with alms, clothes and shoes, fed with a dinner. The common people were given Goodies and gifts, and visited prisoners in the dungeons.

In Moscow, the king went with the solemn procession in the Cathedral square of the Kremlin where the Patriarch congratulated him on his year. The last time this rite was performed on 1 September 1699 in the presence of Peter I. Sitting installed in the ground of the throne in the Royal clothes, he took the blessing of the Primate of the Russian Church.

After this, the Emperor moved the beginning of the civil New year on January 1. However, in the liturgical books, the arrival of «new summer» is still the 1st of September.