The CPS has warned about an outbreak of leptospirosis in India

© RIA Novosti / Evgeny Basebaord Mumbai, India. Archival photoThe CPS has warned about an outbreak of leptospirosis in India© RIA Novosti / Eugene Bezeq

Rospotrebnadzor warns about an outbreak of leptospirosis in India, in the southwestern state of Kerala on September 2 declared an emergency.

«The Ministry of health of the Kerala (South West India) has announced on 2 September this year in the state of emergency due to an outbreak of leptospirosis, which increases from 1 August», — is spoken in the message on the website of the Russian Ministry.

It is noted that only for the last five days with suspected the diagnosis was more than 300 people died and five. Only from August 1 to September 3 from leptospirosis died about 40 people, more than 200 hospitalized.

According to the Ministry, the main cause of disease considers the use of water contaminated with the pathogen. The highest incidence is registered in the district of Kozhikode on the Western coast of the Peninsula, where in June, a result of the Ebola outbreak Nipah died, 17 people. For the prevention of leptospirosis is recommended to take an antimicrobial agent.

Into rospotrebnazdore also explained that outbreaks of leptospirosis occur in India regularly during floods. With a population working to increase awareness about the causes of the disease and its prevention. The office asks you to consider this information when planning trips.

As explained on the website of Rospotrebnadzor, the main hosts of the infection among wild animals in nature are rodents and insectivores. In the economic centers of the role played by domestic animals — dogs, pigs, cattle, sheep, rarely goats and horses, and fur-bearing animals cage — foxes, foxes, nutria. The infection is transmitted to humans by direct contact with urine of infected animals or through objects of the external environment on which it falls; also recorded epidemic outbreaks of leptospirosis associated with swimming in open water and consumption of contaminated water.

The severity of infection in humans varies from mild to lethal forms, occurs with a lesion of the kidneys, liver, nervous and vascular systems, may develop a hemorrhagic syndrome of jaundice. Person-to-person infection is not transmitted. For prophylaxis use of the vaccine, the treatment of antimicrobial means.