A peace Treaty will reduce the distrust between Moscow and Tokyo, said the expert

© RIA Novosti / Grigory to Sysoeva in Photobacterium of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe during the joint press statement following the meeting at the Eastern economic forum. 7 September 2017A peace Treaty will reduce the distrust between Moscow and Tokyo, said the expert© RIA Novosti / Grigory to Sysoeva the image Bank

The signing of a peace Treaty between Russia and Japan, if it happens, will be a fundamental step towards the ultimate normalization of relations and reduce mistrust of the two countries are favourable to mutually beneficial economic cooperation, told RIA Novosti expert of the Valdai club, researcher at the Asia Institute of Griffith University in Australia, Nikolay Murashkin.

Held at the Eastern economic forum in Vladivostok a plenary session with the participation of Shinzo Abe, Russian President Vladimir Putin made a proposal to conclude a peace Treaty before the end of this year, without preconditions.

«If the peace Treaty still held, it will be a major step to the final normalization of bilateral relations between Russia and Japan, which otherwise are quite positive and promising… the Potential benefits for both sides are obvious: the presence and long-standing territorial disputes between neighbouring States, obviously, hurting their national interests,» — said the expert.

Among the potential benefits Murashkin called «the improved political climate, reduction of mistrust and the development of legal base for bilateral relations», which can affect development of mutually beneficial economic cooperation.

According to the expert, in such a strategically important region like northeast Asia, Russia it is important «not to put all your eggs in one basket».

«China-Russia — Central partner, but she should avoid excessive or one-sided dependencies, and to maintain good relations with all neighbors in the region. Many of them in economic terms also play a key role Asia: Japan and South Korea. In recent years Russia has also developed economic relations with the DPRK,» — said the expert.

For Japan, added Murashkin, signing a peace Treaty will be a chance to solve one of several territorial disputes.

In addition, he explained, in Tokyo understand that the signing of a peace Treaty will help improve relations with Russia on the background of the rapprochement between Moscow and Beijing. Thus. it was an opportunity «to be safe from the appearance of this growing Union, any anti-Japanese sentiment».

«In addition, Russia and Japan are important not only as a trade partner, source of energy and other natural resources, large market and a partner in the investment programs. It is also a state, occupying a key position in the international hierarchy, the country is a permanent member of the UN security Council involved in the Korean settlement. In turn, Japan is a key member of the «group of seven», «group of twenty», and many financial and economic organizations in East Asia and the Pacific that has implications for Russian foreign policy in the region», — said the expert.

Relations between Russia and Japan for many years overshadows the absence of a peace Treaty. Japan claims the Islands of Kunashir, Shikotan, Iturup and Habomai, referring to bilateral Treatise on trade and borders of 1855. In 1956 the USSR and Japan signed a Joint Declaration in which Moscow has agreed to consider the possibility of transfer of Japan of the Habomai and Shikotan after the conclusion of a peace Treaty, and the fate of Kunashir and Iturup are not affected. The USSR hoped that the Joint Declaration will put an end to the dispute, Japan believed the document only part of the solution, not abandoning claims to all the Islands. Later the negotiations failed, the peace Treaty after the Second world war and was not signed. Moscow’s position is that the Islands became part of the Soviet Union at the end of the Second world war and the Russian sovereignty over them cannot be questioned.