In the Russian Orthodox Church allowed the Church break communion with Constantinople

© RIA Novosti / Alexander Wolfparade in fotobounce the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow. Archival photoIn the Russian Orthodox Church allowed the Church break communion with Constantinople© RIA Novosti / Alexander Wolfparade the image Bank

The Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church went to the actual rupture of relations with Constantinople: Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia Kirill will commemorate Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew during the divine services, Russian Orthodox Church suspends participation in all structures in which the presiding co-chair or representatives of the Patriarchate of Constantinople. Thus Eucharistic communion between the churches is not interrupted.

The cessation of commemoration means that the Patriarch Kirill will cease to pronounce the name of the Patriarch during the Liturgy, that is, will cease to pray for him. In the main worship service several times by name pray for the primates of all local Orthodox churches. The diptychs (the list of these churches) recognized by the Orthodox Church, today in the world 15, and the Church of Constantinople because of the historical tradition is in the first place.

«Eucharistic communion between the churches is not interrupted. This decision is without prejudice to the ability of clergy of the Patriarchate of Constantinople and the Russian Orthodox Church to perform the divine service,» — told RIA Novosti the press Secretary of Patriarch Kirill, the priest of Alexander Volkov.

The decision of the Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church took after the Patriarchate of Constantinople «in preparation for the granting of autocephaly of the Orthodox Church in Ukraine» in Kyiv sent two exarchs of the Pamphylian Archbishop Daniel of USA and Bishop Hilarion of Edmonton Canada.

The ROC expressed Constantinople the protest, noting that the purpose of the exarchs in Ukraine is a gross violation of Church canons, according to which the bishops of one Autocephalous Church cannot interfere in the Affairs of another.

«The rupture of diplomatic relations»

The head of the Department for external Church relations of the Moscow Patriarchate Metropolitan Hilarion of Volokolamsk compared as adopted by the Synod of the ROC decision with the rupture of diplomatic relations between the two countries.

According to him, the further decision of the Russian Orthodox Church will depend on the actions of Constantinople. «If they bring their dirty work to the end, we completely tear them Eucharistic communion,» added the Metropolitan.

«What does that mean? The fact that the Patriarch of Constantinople, who often positions himself as the head trehsotmillionnogo the Orthodox population of the planet, at least it is often so called in the media, it will not be so. At least half of the Orthodox population of the planet will never admit even as first among equals,» — said the head of the DECR.

He said that steps being taken by the ROC, will be phased. «First, the temporary cessation of prayer to commemorate the Patriarch of Constantinople, out of all those authorities, which preside over or co-chair representatives of the Constantinople is the Episcopal Assembly, which are held in America, which includes all the canonical bishops of all countries, theological dialogues. That is, in fact, cease all contacts», — said the Metropolitan.

According to him, a complete rupture of relations is possible only after lack of response to these steps.

«At every stage the Church gives the person the opportunity to stop and repent,» — said Metropolitan Hilarion.

«Serious consequences»

According to the head of the DECR, providing Ukraine with autocephaly can lead to very serious consequences.

«We can expect just about anything — that the dissenters could take control over large monasteries, such as Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, Pochayiv Lavra. Then, of course, Orthodox believers will defend these Holy places and can commence the bloodshed», — he told in interview to the program Worlds Apart on RT.

Now in Ukraine today are of the canonical Ukrainian Orthodox Church is self-governing Church of the Moscow Patriarchate, and unrecognized by the world Orthodox Church structures — the «Kiev Patriarchate» (UOC-KP) and Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (UAOC). Constantly there are reports of harassment of clergy of the UOC-MP and the seizure of Orthodox churches of the dissenters.

Is it possible the final break?

The Russian Orthodox Church had already interrupted the Eucharistic communion with the Ecumenical Patriarchate, recalled lead researcher and Director of the Center for the study of problems of religion and society Institute of Europe RAS, candidate of philosophical Sciences, Roman Lunkin.

It happened in 1996, when Constantinople granted autonomy to the Orthodox parishes in Estonia. After the collapse of the USSR, there is created a parallel Orthodox jurisdiction, separated from the Moscow Patriarchate.

«From the point of view of the Russian Orthodox Church it has become a fact of blatant interference in its territory. Accordingly, the decision was made to cease not only canonical, but also the Eucharistic communion, the priests were not able to serve together and to commune the faithful in the Liturgy,» said Lunkin.

According to the expert, now the situation is not quite the same – the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church took towards Constantinople rather administrative measures «to undermine the authority of Patriarch Bartholomew.» «While we, believers, are able to walk together in the churches of the Patriarchate of Constantinople in Greece or in the monasteries of mount Athos, there to partake in the service, but the clergy, of course, more to serve together,» he explained.

The final rupture of relations, according to the expert, more than likely, if Constantinople refuses to convene a pan-Orthodox conference on the Ukrainian issue. «It will mean that they have appointed an Exarch in Kyiv will decide, and Patriarch Bartholomew bless all,» concluded Lunkin.