In Roskoshestvo told how to choose the right potatoes

© RIA Novosti / Ilya Petliurite in fotoreceptori in the store Pyaterochka in Moscow. Archival photoIn Roskoshestvo told how to choose the right potatoes© RIA Novosti / Ilya Petliurite the image Bank

Roskoshestvo will conduct a study of potatoes that are sold in Russian stores and markets; the organization also made recommendations on what to look for when choosing potatoes, said Roskoshestvo.

«To participate in the special potatoes were purchased in chain stores and markets: professionals selected tubers from Russia, Egypt and Pakistan. Also Roskoshestvo decided to check the harvest in 2017 and 2018, and to find out whether last year’s potatoes just harvested,» — said in the message.

Potatoes are exploring for 183 indicators of quality and safety: it will be checked for the presence of nitrates and pesticides, GMOs, cadmium, lead and arsenic, as well as parasites. In addition, the experts measure the amount of starch and dry matter, sugar, solanine and ash. The study will include and assessment of organoleptic characteristics of odor, taste and color of the potatoes, as well as its internal component.

How to buy and store potatoes

Roskoshestvo notes that the choice of potato should pay attention to his appearance. So, the tubers must be intact, dry, from rounded to elongated-oval shaped, peel the potatoes should be yellow and fragile, and the transverse diameter of the tuber is to be from 40 to 80 millimeters.

«The tubers should be sprouted or withered, they are not allowed to damage agricultural pests, excessive external moisture, and also brown spots caused by exposure to heat. Moreover, early varieties of potatoes is not allowed the presence of earth adhering to the tubers. The rind should be tight, not to obdurate with a simple friction and do not have cracks,» adds the organisation.

At the same time, the tubers of potatoes can be stained pale green in color with a total area of not more than 2 square centimeters, which can be removed for regular cleaning. In addition, the tubers mechanical damage (e.g., cuts, or dents) with a length of 10 millimeters and a depth of not more than 4 millimeters.

The product label should contain information about the name of the product indicating the varieties and countries of origin, net mass, name and location, date of collection and date of packaging, shelf life, storage conditions, information on compliance with the standard, information about the GMO content (if applicable).

In addition, the label can be used in the product name indicating «early» or «late», «for long-term storage». Roskoshestvo also indicates that, according to GOST, the potatoes should not be stored in the light. «The potato was in the form, it must be stored at temperature from 2 to 6 degrees, and humidity between 85 to 95%», — stated in the message.

Autonomous nonprofit organization «Russian quality system» (Rascacielo) established by the government of the Russian Federation in 2015 to conduct independent studies of the quality of goods available on the shelves of Russian stores, and education of Russians in the selection of quality products and services. The best goods of the Russian Roskoshestvo awards the «quality Mark».