«I was sold for 15 marks.» How did the workers deported by the Germans from the Soviet Union

© Photo : courtesy of International Memorialisation Postscriptum exhibition about the fate of the Eastern workers in the Third Reich«I was sold for 15 marks.» How did the workers deported by the Germans from the Soviet Union© Photo : courtesy of the International Memorial

Human trafficking, hard labor, but sometimes the human attitude and help in the Center Gilyarovsky street in Moscow opened the exhibition Postscriptum, dedicated to the fate of the deported Germans during the great Patriotic war from the occupied territories.

Transported by rail, in terrible conditions at bus stops were not allowed. In Germany disinfection, medical examination and sent to a special camp where arrivals were assigned to work.

Some in production, others were sold to private owners. People were lined up in rows, and future owners chose them like cattle, checking physical strength and health.

«In the distribution camp was sold for 15 marks landowner in the village Pagers» — according to the testimony presented at the exhibition, to get to the private host was considered a success in the circumstances. Ostarbeiters sometimes reminisce about the good attitude towards them: some were fed, others were hiding from the police. Along with some of the hosts was listening to the radio and waited for the arrival of Soviet troops and allies.

However, after the liberation of the Soviet forces and the allied forces of not ended. The first joy of meeting with compatriots gave way to fear: the Ostarbeiter were sent to filtration camps. After returning home, many could not get a job, and those around the suspected former employees of the Third Reich in collaboration.

«While children are not erected, we never talked with them about their grief experiences. From the village we went to Dnepropetrovsk, where none of our past didn’t know. So managed to save the children from the contempt.» This is very typical for those who returned home. Only half a century later, in the early 1990s, these people dare to openly talk about his past.

In many interviews, some details have failed to remember Ostarbeiters were often confused the names of the places — the majority didn’t know the German language.

30 years later, in 2017, about fifty of Moscow schoolchildren began to dismantle this archive. The result of the work of dozens of volunteers — the exhibition and the book «Sign will not be erased», awarded a year ago of the award «Educator».

«The students are quite familiar with this topic, says Evelina Rudenko. — Examining the archive, they learned a lot of different details. For example, the fact that workers were forced to wear special wooden shoes that were terrible blisters on her feet and loudly pounded on the pavement, so the Germans knew that they were going OST. These details, terrible suffering is very surprising».

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