Scientists have found in Spain algae that can live on Mars

© Photo : Europlanet/F Gómez/R ThombreОзеро Tires, where scientists discovered the first «Martian» algaeScientists have found in Spain algae that can live on Mars© Photo : Europlanet/F Gómez/R ThombreПодпишись to daily updates RIA Science

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. Biologists found in one of the saline lakes of Spain a very unusual Alga that can live in a thick «brine» Martian streams and underground water reserves. They told him about the opening at the conference planetological European community, held this week in Berlin.

«The ability of these microbes-extremophiles survive on Earth in the same conditions that now prevail on Mars, suggests that they could thrive on the red planet. This, in turn, points to the need for additional protection of Mars from the «guests» from the Earth, and allows us to think about the terraforming of Mars with the help of this algae,» — said Felipe Gomez (Felipe Gomez) from the Astrobiology center of Spain in Madrid.

Gomez and his colleagues for several years studying the «alien» parts of the Earth, such as the Danakil depression in Ethiopia, in the hope of finding microbes and multicellular living beings that can live and thrive on Mars and in the oceans of Europe and Enceladus.

Gomez and his colleague Rebecca Thombre (Rebecca Thombre) from the College of science, arts and business in Pune (India) made an extremely interesting discovery by studying the flora and fauna of the lake of Tires, located on the plain of La Mancha in Central Spain.

This reservoir, as the researchers note, is divided into several weakly interconnected parts, some of which are full of a large amount of salt and sulfur compounds. Such exotic conditions attract many microbes-extremophiles, whose colony color of tires of water in exotic reddish-yellow color.

Studying their species and genetic diversity, Timbre and Gomez came across as the first representative of the plant world, able to live on Mars and to withstand extremely high concentration of salt in the water. A new Alga was named Dunaliella salina EP-1.

«This subspecies duallie is one of the most salt-tolerant of extremophiles on Earth. Usually the microbes can not live in the saline waters for the reason that the water begins to flow from their cells. The inhabitant of the lake avoids this problem, producing glycerol and other molecules that create an analogue of the high salt concentrations inside the cell, which prevents the escape of moisture,» explains Thombre.

Dunaliela in addition, the scientists found in the waters Teresa another potential «colonizer» Mars – microbe Halomonas gomseomensis also able to tolerate high concentrations of salt. He and the other inhabitant of the lake, as noted by Gomez and Timbre, can be used not only for terraforming Mars, but also as components of various biotechnological plants on Earth.

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