A Japanese scientist told about the first step to creating the space Elevator

© REUTERS / KyodoСтарт H2B rocket with the space truck Konotori-7 from the Baikonur Tanegashima, Japan. 23 Sep 2018<img src="/wp-content/uploads/sites/5/2018/09/2ec3c5ffcf7b0684aab099cb563b7417.jpg" alt="A Japanese scientist told about the first step to creating the space Elevator" />© REUTERS / KyodoПодпишись to daily updates RIA Science

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Japan is on the verge of a first step towards implementation of the project of the space Elevator, told RIA Novosti Professor, University of Shizuoka Masahiro Nomi, responsible for a unique experiment.

Japan launched an H2B rocket with the space truck «Konotori-7», on Board which is a set of two small satellites STARS-Me.

«Until now, the idea of the space Elevator existed only as an idea. No one ever checked how it works and whether it really is to work in space. Set for the experiment consists of two satellites, between which is stretched a cord. On the tense between companions of the cord to move the machine – the prototype of lift that will work on a space Elevator. The objective of the experiment is to see what will happen in space, if between the two satellites to pull a cord and let him camera. This is the first step to creating the space Elevator. Until now, no one never did. This is the first time in the world» — said the scientist.

For the development of the project on creation of the lift came from the Japanese company Obayashi Corporation, told RIA Novosti earlier in the company, the project of the space Elevator is a plan to construct by 2050 a structure that will not only be able to deliver space cargo, but «strung» on a space station and blocks to far sent to Mars and the moon. In the first phase of construction in low orbit of about 300 kilometers will be launched on the basis of which will begin construction of a space ship.

Once the ship is ready, he will climb into geostationary orbit and will rotate at the same speed as the Earth, being constantly above the same point. At a height of 36 thousand kilometers it will launch a cable made of carbon nanotubes, and he will continue to climb higher. Eight months after launch it will reach a height of 96 thousand kilometers, and the cable and the surface of the Earth.

From this point, work will begin to strengthen the cable. On the existing cable to the ship, which eventually turn into the station counterweight, 500 times the Shuttle will deliver the materials. Once the cable reaches the strength that allows him to withstand the weight of a 100-ton lift, will start the construction of the station in geostationary orbit, and then other stations at different heights.

«But if the length of the wire cable in a space Elevator is 100 thousand kilometers, that in our experiment the length of cord is just 10 meters away, that is the scale of it — one tenth of a millionth. Stretch the cord between two satellites, and on this cord to run the lift. Are we talking about cord, but it really is such a metal band. On it with the wheel and motor should be started and begin moving the lift,» explained Professor Nomi.

This experiment should identify opportunities for implementation in space what is the principle idea of the space Elevator – the tension of the cable between the two satellites or space stations and handling on this rope.

«While in space nobody did, and we have no idea how it will happen, — says the scientist. — Still was only experimenting with balloons that rose up on the ropes and it was off the lift. But in space nothing of the kind has not been undertaken. We first try to do it. We check only whether to move the lift cord».

But that is what is most important in the idea of space bridges when built will be a real space Elevator, when from Earth into space will stretch the wire rope hoist can transport people, cargo and satellites and launching them directly into space. The space Elevator is intended to replace the missiles.

Technically, the experiment with the satellites STARS-Me will look like.

«Two satellites in space truck «Konotori» will be delivered to the International space station. And then with the Japanese module «Kibo» they will be displayed in a space of a robot manipulator. Two satellites in the «sleplena» together form will function as an artificial satellite. Then they will split and stretched between the cord. We will conduct this operation using the control unit from the Ground. After the cord is stretched, we give the command to lift, and he starts to move,» said Professor Naomi.

After the release of satellites into space will have a month to test functioning of all systems. Then about a month go, to stop the rotation, as this will make the experiment impossible, and about against the tension of the cord between them. The experiment will last no more than a few minutes. All operations for the separation of the satellites, the tension of the rope and running the lift will be carried out in a controller from the Ground.

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