The number of tigers in Nepal has doubled, according to environmentalists

© Depositphotos / erllreТигрыThe number of tigers in Nepal has doubled, according to environmentalists© Depositphotos / erllreПодпишись to daily updates RIA Science

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The population of tigers in Nepal has almost doubled over the last ten years, with 120 individuals in 2009 to 235 big cats at the present time, according to

«This success is the result of combining efforts of the state and local residents, as well as other actors involved in the protection of those habitats where tigers live, and the protection of the cats against poachers,» said man Bahadur Khadka (Man Bahadur Khadka), head of the Department of national parks and nature conservation of Nepal.

Bengal tigers are among the largest predators on Earth. In size they are inferior to their Amur «cousins», but kompensiruet high number of these animals — about 2-4 thousand individuals. Most of them live in so-called Terai — marshy foothills of the Himalayas in India and Nepal.

Tigers prefer to hunt wild animals, but old and sick cats can attack livestock and sometimes become cannibals. Constant skirmishes with the people led to a sharp reduction in their numbers and sudden change in lifestyle – surviving tigers have become nocturnal, but not daytime predators.

As a result, the number of tigers in Asia has decreased from 100 thousand individuals inhabiting the forests and mountains of India, Nepal, Bangladesh and the countries of Indo-China in 1900, to a critically low level of 3,200 individuals in 2010. There is a real risk that Bengal tigers can repeat the fate of their brethren Caspian, which became extinct in the mid 20th century.

Such a perspective, as noted by Khadka, has forced the governments of 13 countries of Eurasia, whose territory is inhabited by tigers, to unite their efforts in the consortium, Global Tiger Forum and the draft of the TCP (Tiger Conservation Plan). The participants pledged to take all measures in order to double the number of these cats by 2022 and to minimize the scale of the poaching of tigers.

Nepal, according to officials, has in fact fulfilled the promise, doubling the population of big cats living on its territory. As environmentalists hope, and further actions undertaken in the framework of TCP, will help them to survive and gain a foothold in new habitats.