ROC said, who is able to remove the anathema from the former Metropolitan of Kiev

© RIA Novosti / Alexander Maximumcapacity in fotobabble Metropolitan of Kiev Philaret Denisenko. Archival photoROC said, who is able to remove the anathema from the former Metropolitan of Kiev© RIA Novosti / Alexander Maximumcapacity the image Bank

The removal of the anathema of the head of the so-called Kiev Patriarchate Filaret Denisenko depends on the Russian Orthodox Church, said the Deputy Chairman of the Department for external Church relations (DECR) of the Moscow Patriarchate Archpriest Nikolai Balashov, commenting on the question of the possibility of such actions on the part of the Patriarchate of Constantinople.

«The possibility of reviewing this solution theoretically exists, but it is the responsibility of the Church, which the appropriate canonical sanctions and imposed. Of course, when there was such an extraordinary event — first defrocked and then even the excommunication of the former Metropolitan of Kiev, was once the former Locum Tenens of the Patriarchal throne of the Church, and one of the obvious candidates for the Patriarchate in it — it was reported to all Orthodox local churches of the world. And they took note of and confirmed their agreement with this decision, including the Patriarch of Constantinople,» — said Balashov. According to him, in the Church archive is stored corresponding letter of Patriarch Bartholomew.

«The sacred canons do not allow of any other order review of the sanctions», — said the Deputy head of the DECR.

He reminded that the former Metropolitan of Kiev Philaret Denisenko in the autumn of last year addressed with the corresponding petition to the Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia Kirill and the bishops ‘ Council of the ROC. However, the very next day after the Council of bishops has considered this appeal, Filaret disavowed his statement.

«We can only assume that it was the result of some political influence on the part of secular persons, because if we talk about religious persons, advisers this man personally brought to Moscow his letter with his blessing. So, apparently, we are talking about some kind of intervention in this process from the outside,» — said Balashov.

In 1992, Metropolitan Filaret (Denisenko) required for the UOC autocephaly status of the local Church, involving its administrative independence. Without the agreement, he, despite his vow to keep the Church unity in Ukraine, created and legally registered so-called Kiev Patriarchate. In 1997, the Russian Orthodox Church Filaret excommunicated from the Church and anathematized.

The President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko is trying to achieve recognition of non-canonical religious structures and of establishing a local Autocephalous Church in Ukraine, though, and promised not to interfere in the Affairs of the Church. Earlier, the Patriarchate of Constantinople «in preparation for the granting of autocephaly» was appointed its Exarch in Kyiv.

In addition, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew has stated that it intends to provide Ukraine Autocephalous. In the UOC called such actions by invading the canonical territory of other local churches and called on Patriarch Bartholomew to stop meddling and «exarchs» of the Patriarchate of Constantinople to leave Kiev.

The Russian Orthodox Church, in turn, went to the actual «break diplomatic relations» with the Patriarchate of Constantinople. The Synod of the Russian Church announced a cease commemoration of Patriarch Bartholomew during the Patriarch’s divine services. In addition, a decision was made to exit from the structures, which is chaired by the representatives of the Patriarchate of Constantinople. Relations of the Russian Orthodox Church with Constantinople was in this crisis only once in all its more than thousand-year history.