© RIA Novosti / Alexei Mangalapura in fotobanka the exam on the Russian language. Archival photo.© RIA Novosti / Alexey mangalapura to the photobank
The spelling «n» and «NN» in various parts of speech, placement of commas and text analysis called graduates on unified state examination on the Russian language most of the difficulties reported in the press service of Rosobrnadzor with reference to the Federal Institute of pedagogical measurements (FIPI).
The exam on the Russian language the year recognizes the most popular. All assignments and examination work aimed at solving practical problems and require the examination candidate a certain vocabulary and understanding grammatical structure of Russian language.
It is noted that the graduates successfully completed assignments baseline. However, most of the difficulties caused of the task, the solution of which requires the involvement of theory: for example, spelling «n» and «NN» in various parts of speech.
«The greatest difficulties in understanding the text arise from the students when conducting the semantic analysis of literary and journalistic texts, where main idea, the author’s position is often expressed implicitly, it is difficult to realize the examinee texts where irony, sarcasm», — stated in the message.
It is also noted that more than 20% of examinees did not work on the exam with the draft, «which speaks of the inability to edit your own texts and affects the quality of the essay-reasoning». As expressing opinions graduates most often used examples from the works previously studied in the program in 11th grade, the lowest percentage of selection of examples of arguments from the works of modern Russian literature (1%).
«In this sense, the teacher of Russian language and literature remains the task of organizing systematic reading of students, promote the value of family reading. Particular attention should be paid to the fact that the solution to the problem of reading, the formation of a worldview and finding personal meaning is possible only efforts of all teachers», — said in a release.
FIPI annually conducts an analysis of the campaign on the subjects and publishes the methodical recommendations for teachers. A brief overview of these recommendations, prepared by the heads of Federal commissions on the development of control and measuring materials EGE, will help future graduates and their teachers to navigate what activities and topics were most difficult for the participants of the exam in 2018, and what you should pay attention to when preparing for the exam.