Pipe smell. In Europe lined up to the «Turkish stream»

© Photo : «Turkish»Deep-water laying of the offshore section of the first pipeline Turkish streamPipe smell. In Europe lined up to the «Turkish stream»© Photo : «Turkish stream»

Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister of Italy, Giuseppe Conte have discussed in Moscow questions of bilateral cooperation. According to the final statement, special attention was paid to the supply of energy: Rome is reluctant to connect to the «Turkish stream», Moscow is ready to help. What will win Russia together with its partners, and what challenges face its geopolitical rivals in the material RIA Novosti.

We open the valve

Europe it took four years to realize the fallacy of the position, which led to the closure of the project «South stream». The pipeline had to pass under the Black sea to the Bulgarian port of Varna, and then to Italy through Austria and the countries of the Balkan Peninsula.

However, in 2014 the project was stopped due to political differences: under pressure from Brussels, the new government of Bulgaria announced that it would grant permission for construction only after approval of the project settings with the EU. In response, Moscow said that he sees no point in taking the costs for the laying of the offshore section, then to hear the European «no».

If the leaders of the EU thought that Russia, this project is more important than them, then not for long: in 2016, Turkey intercepted the contract and agreed with Moscow on the construction of two sections of the «Turkish stream» with a total capacity of 31.5 billion cubic meters of gas per year.

«The refusal of Bulgaria from South stream was a gross mistake. Turkey immediately jumped at the chance, and Germany is building «Northern stream — 2″. A good lesson for Sofia», — said Russian Senator Alexey Pushkov.

When two-thirds of the offshore section of the new gas route has been laid, Europe has made clear that a lesson learned.

After the meeting of President of Serbia Aleksandar Vucic, Putin in December 2017, Belgrade has not only signed an agreement to increase the volume of purchases of Russian gas, but also showed interest in the «Turkish stream»: this project will provide Serbia advantageous status of a transit country of natural gas.

Changed position and Sofia. «Putin told us that there is no objection, if the pipeline «Turkish stream» will run in the direction of Bulgaria,» said Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borisov to journalists at the end of may this year.

Of course, the energy rapprochement between Russia and Europe there are opponents. First and foremost — the United States, because despite all the efforts and political pressure on Germany, the chance to establish a supply of us LNG on European market melt away.

In late July, Donald trump has made from the head of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker promises to build in Europe, dozens of new terminals for receiving LNG to the us. In fact there is no need, because even the existing terminals loaded less than a quarter, and deliveries of LNG this year decreased by 13%.

In early October, the German foreign Minister even stated that the suppliers of LNG from the States totally uncompetitive, when compared with «Gazprom»: the U.S. liquefied natural gas by one third more expensive than the Russian pipeline.

Because of this, in the US, it could break a serious energy crisis. By the end of 2019 Washington intends to threefold increase production and supply to foreign markets of its LNG from the current 3.6 billion cubic feet per day to 9.6 billion (99 billion cubic meters per year). It was originally planned that the main consumers of us LNG will be the EU and China.
© AP Photo / Evan VucciПрезидент USA Donald trump and German Chancellor Angela Merkel during a meeting in Washington. 27 APR 2018Pipe smell. In Europe lined up to the «Turkish stream»© AP Photo / Evan VucciПрезидент USA Donald trump and German Chancellor Angela Merkel during a meeting in Washington. 27 APR 2018

In practice, however, was different — the EU prefers not to politicize energy contracts and deepen cooperation with Russia, leaving American LNG formal role of a «diversifier» supplies. And China, outraged trump unleashed a trade war, and refused from the purchase of liquefied gas from the USA.

The second opponent of the extension of the «Turkish stream» in Europe, you guessed it, Kiev. The Ukrainian authorities are wary that with the completion of the construction of «Nord stream — 2» and a new pipeline South of the country will be in the gas ring and risks losing its status of a transit country, and with it, three billion dollars in budget revenues per year.