«His girl.» Who led Merkel to politics and what she will be remembered

© AP Photo / Fritz Reiss)German politicians Angela Merkel and Helmut Kohl. 2005«His girl.» Who led Merkel to politics and what she will be remembered© AP Photo / Fritz Reiss)

Over the last decades, Angela Merkel headed the list of the 100 most powerful women in the world by Forbes magazine. However, on 29 October, she said that he will leave the post of Chancellor in 2021 and will depart from all in the CDU. Remember what Merkel and how it has changed Germany — in the material RIA Novosti.

Favorite girl Kohl

The Chancellor emphasized the discreet image: Merkel wears a plain jacket, no rings, bracelets and earrings. Because of her modesty and the apparent indecision in the German language even has a verb Tony («Merkel») — «to be hesitant to doubt it.»

Opponents perceive it as too soft, lacking leadership and fall into the trap. One of the German magazines in the beginning of the reign of Merkel, called it a «grey pearl in Germany.»

Power it came in 2005: first female Chancellor, the youngest head of government of Germany, the first leader of a natural-scientific education.

From early childhood, Merkel was diligent, responsible and purposeful. Especially she was given math, English, and Russian. Knowledge of Russian, she was often demonstrated in the negotiations with Vladimir Putin.

However, in his youth nothing was promised her status as one of the most respected politicians in the world: after graduation from the physics faculty of the University of Leipzig Karl Marx angel defended his thesis and was deeply immersed in science.

In politics it came after the fall of the Berlin wall and over a matter of years made a fantastic career. This was explained by the patronage of Chancellor Helmut Kohl: he father called her «my girl» and in 1991 was appointed Minister of women’s Affairs and youth.

Relations between them soured after eight years. By the time Merkel became General Secretary of the Christian democratic Union (CDU), Kohl is honorary Chairman of the party. There was a scandal over illegal funding of the CDU — in circumvention of the law «On political parties»: it turned out that Col has received from some sponsors a few million German marks. First the resignation of Kohl demanded «his girl» Merkel.

Disliked and her visit to the Dachau concentration camp a few months before the elections to the Bundestag: Merkel reproached that it «maintains almost the main tragedy of the XX century in order to score political points.» Oil poured into the fire, that after inspection of the memorial complex Merkel went to the pub for a meeting with his supporters.

The LGBT community was offended by the Chancellor, when it opposed the adoption of children by homosexual couples. Merkel explained that «education in such families are unlikely to accept children at all.»

In 2013, a scandal erupted over American surveillance. Only lazy people do not criticize the Chancellor for the fact that she «allows Washington to spy on the Germans and ceased to defend the interests of its people». The position of Merkel and then the truth was not convincing.

Merkel was justified by the fact that the country needs in the workforce, especially in the context of population ageing and demographic crisis. However, not everyone accepted this argument, finding that many refugees and migrants do not intend to work and most expect to live on welfare — I mean at the expense of German taxpayers.

In addition, the Chancellor accused that numerous cases of harassment and robberies in Cologne and other German cities in the new year’s eve 2016, the terrorist attacks in 2016 and events in Chemnitz, where a mass brawl migrants killed 35-year-old Daniel Hellige — not that other, as a consequence of the policy of open doors.

Relations with the EU

When Merkel proclaimed policy of greater integration of the European Union, Germany has become not only an economic and political powerhouse of the EU. Berlin became the political capital of Europe, relegating to second place the Brussels, Paris and London.

It is no secret that this irritates many in the EU. Germany has repeatedly demonstrated the ability of the partners rather harshly to impose their will. Suffice it to recall a scathing rebuke of Greece during the crisis, migration policy or anti-Russian sanctions, supported not by all in the EU.

However, all this did not prevent the heads of the two States to agree on the project «Nord stream — 2». For a number of European colleagues of the Chancellor it is like a bone in the throat. Many do not like the cooperation between Putin and Merkel as the fact that dividends from the project will be that Germany, becoming a gas hub of Western Europe. Preparing for the start of the construction homestretch, so the active cooperation in this sphere will continue.

And yet between Russia and Germany there are still serious political differences. Even if sanctions will cancel in the future, Moscow and Berlin will have to make great efforts to restore relations at the level of 2014.

PS

If the intermediate result of the Board Angela Merkel, it is worth remembering not only migrants and political failures of the Chancellor, but also the economic successes achieved by the government under her leadership. On this point, and many experts. So, for 13 years the Germans have significantly increased wages, improved working conditions, the state budget was in surplus, and unemployment fell.

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