The experts identified the benefits of inclusion of TRANS-Baikal and Buryatia in the structure of DFO

© Photo : Chita.Ru/Sergey Umagination in Zabaykalsky Krai. Archive photoThe experts identified the benefits of inclusion of TRANS-Baikal and Buryatia in the structure of DFO© Photo : Chita.Ru/Sergey Bumagin

The inclusion of Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai in the composition of the DFO may lead to reorganization in the scientific field and also give the district more opportunities for independence, the residents of the Far East, most likely, will not feel the changes, according to respondents RIA Novosti experts.

On Sunday it became known that Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on the transfer of Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai of the Siberian Federal district in the far East. According to the document, the government was instructed within three months to bring their acts in compliance with this decree.

Science can reassign

According to the Director of the Institute of international business and Economics Vladivostok state University of Economics and service (VSUES) Professor Alexander latkina, Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai, and so «tend» to the Far East, and now «fit snugly into the far Eastern Federal district, making its way in geometric terms».

«This decision may result in reorganization in the field of science — if science in Transbaikalia is subordinate to the Siberian branch of the RAS, we can now move to the subordination of the Feb RAS is a plus. Also, now it will be convenient from the point of view of transport: the far East is becoming a major hub airport of Khabarovsk connects all these regions will often go to them, they — us,» Latkin told RIA Novosti.

According to him, in addition, the annexation of the two regions gives the Far East population growth, including why the absolute value of the Federal investments in the County will increase.

«But the ordinary residents of the Far East, I think, significant changes will not notice. This raises the question whether it is necessary in this case to move the capital of the Far East from Khabarovsk to Vladivostok? Vladivostok already is the center of international cooperation. And geographically Khabarovsk is the centre of the County: hours of cheats, hour from Vladivostok. In this case, in my opinion, there is no reason to change the situation,» — said the Professor.

The extension of economic preferences

«The decision to include in the DFO Buryatia and Zabaikalsky Krai due to the need to extend to them a special economic mode, which are provided to investors in the far East. One obvious solution for the distribution of such preferences — to enable the regions in the district», — told RIA Novosti political analyst Sergey Grebenyuk.

According to him, in the short term the residents of the regions will not notice significant changes, and in the long term this decision could be the impetus for business development in the FEFD.

«However, at the macro level it will strengthen the status of the Plenipotentiary of RF President in the far Eastern Federal district Yuri Trutnev. In addition, the fact that the President showed that the district is not a stable unit that can grow, stimulates the discussion on the transfer of the capital of the Far East,» said Grebenyuk.

DFO needs more autonomy

Another expert, a leading researcher, Pacific Institute of geography DVO ran, candidate of economic Sciences Yury Avdeev believes that the transition of Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai in the composition of the DFO establishes a solution that existed for a long time.

«These regions — smaller share of energy, as the item… But there is a strategy of development of the Far East and the Baikal region until 2020. Therefore, under this idea there is a certain common basis, the issue comes down to centralization. In this case, there may be provided a breakthrough in the management of the region, and the Far East can give more opportunities for autonomy», — said the source.

Thus, according to him, from the fact of annexation of two regions to the far Eastern Federal district economic conditions in the area will not change without a fundamental change inside him. In particular, according to Avdeev, it is necessary that decisions were made on the ground, then will come to the region capital, and then increase the population.

The center of the far Eastern Federal district since its formation in 2000 is the Khabarovsk. Acting Governor of Primorsky Krai Oleg Kozhemyako said earlier that the capital of the Far East need to do in Vladivostok. The Plenipotentiary of the RF President in far Eastern Federal district Yuri Trutnev said that the Ministry and directs the staff of the Embassy until December 1 to prepare a full report to the President with the feasibility study, costs and benefits.