In spite of his grandmother. Kiev cancels a favourable Treaty with Russia

© RIA Novosti / Stringreplace in photomontage nationalists in Kiev for the introduction of martial law in the country and the severance of diplomatic relations with RussiaIn spite of his grandmother. Kiev cancels a favourable Treaty with Russia© RIA Novosti / Stringreplace the image Bank

The President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko suggested the Verkhovna Rada to terminate the Treaty of friendship with Russia. The document, which is also called «Big Treaty» was signed in the 1990s: the parties undertook to respect the territorial integrity of each other and cooperate in almost all areas. What can cause a termination in the material RIA Novosti.

«The study of the Ukrainian language in Russia»

Introducing to Parliament a bill on denunciation of the agreement, Poroshenko referred to the «armed aggression of Russian Federation against Ukraine». Say, that Russia has violated the Treaty of friendship. Kiev regularly accuses Moscow of involvement in the conflict in the Donbass. The Kremlin rejects these accusations, pointing out the lack of evidence.

«Big Treaty» was signed in 1997. the following year it was approved by the parliaments of both countries. In April 1999, Kiev and Moscow have exchanged instruments of ratification — this time the document came into force. Its effect is automatically extended every 10 years, if neither party announced the desire to terminate the agreement in the prescribed manner. In 2008, that’s right — by itself — the contract was extended.

The document stressed on the strategic partnership, the recognition of the inviolability of existing borders and respect the territorial integrity of each other. The parties expressed their intention not to apply the «force or threat of force, including economic and other means of pressure». In addition, Russia and Ukraine was to provide «support each other’s integration into international organizations and accession to treaties and conventions.» There was a point, which prior to the 2014 sounded fantastic: «the Parties will contribute to creating equal opportunities and conditions for learning the Ukrainian language in the Russian Federation and the Russian language in Ukraine.»

Both countries also pledged to provide «free and timely transfer of pensions, cash assistance, child support, funds for damages». In General, the agreement addressed all the issues of interaction of States — from Finance to ecology and tourism. Theoretically after its denunciation can be broken related agreements in other spheres of cooperation between Russia and Ukraine.

«What kind of friendship are we talking about?»

The Minister of foreign Affairs of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin then worked on pre-emption — previously accused Moscow that it violates the Treaty of friendship long before the crisis 2014. In the list of transgressions he has recorded and gas war, and the conflict around Tuzla island. «It (the contract. – Approx. ed.) is just not working, it is really a joke. What kind of friendship and cooperation we are discussing today?» — described the situation Klimkin.

In Moscow on the activity of the Kiev responded with restraint. «Cooperation, surprisingly, Ukrainians in full operation, — said the head of the Duma Committee on CIS Affairs, Eurasian integration and relations with compatriots Leonid Kalashnikov. — So there is no peace, there is no agreement as to Ukraine itself, but the cooperation goes. Let them denounce, if desired. It is a gift for our politicians.»

State Duma Deputy Konstantin Zatulin noted that «Great Treaty» was «one-sided bargain,» namely Ukraine. After his denunciation, in his opinion, there is a reason to say: «that Means we need to solve all the questions again, including the border».

Former Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma also warned that breaking the agreement is disadvantageous, first and foremost, Kiev. «The Treaty enshrines the solution for Ukraine several key problems of our sovereignty», — he explained. Main to Kiev the former head of state called articles on the recognition and guaranteeing of the inviolability, the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of Ukraine.

«I will say frankly: I do not share the idea of denunciation of the agreement by the Ukrainian side. In my opinion, it is not necessary to hurry. After the contract is signed by the President and ratified by the state Duma» — exhorted the Ukrainian politicians Kuchma. He also expressed the opinion that Moscow is interested in «the first step in the termination of the agreement did Ukraine».

Director of the Institute for peace initiatives and conflict Denis Denisov expressed the opinion that the vast majority of the «Big Treaty» was not working from the moment of its signing. «He was rather symbolic, showed that between countries there is a strategic partnership. This partnership was reinforced with the Declaration». After the denunciation of the agreement, according to the expert, there will be no serious changes in the lives of citizens of Russia and Ukraine.

«About the other instruments — I would like to see those forty agreements, which said Klimkin, continues Denisov. — Is critical for the two countries ‘ treaties — for example, rail transport. Nobody will be surprised if the Ukrainian side will break the agreement unilaterally, and we have no legal grounds for cooperation in this sphere».

Russian political analyst Oleg Bondarenko said that the «Big Treaty» is no longer valid: «Let it rip, and others. In the current situation there is no formalities which could ensure the normal development of relations between Moscow and Kiev. All written agreements are in fact not observed. I think we will come to the breaking of diplomatic relations and the visa regime for citizens of Russia». In the opinion of the expert, it is not necessary to hope for prudence of the regime in Kiev, because «there is no sanity wasn’t there before.»